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Population dynamics of tree-killing bark beetles

a comparison of the European spruce bark beetle and the North American mountain pine beetle

Kärvemo, Simon (2010). Population dynamics of tree-killing bark beetles. Uppsala.

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Abstract

During outbreak periods, the European spruce bark beetle and the North American mountain pine beetle are able to kill millions of coniferous trees. Throughout the 20th century, six outbreaks have occurred in Sweden and four in British Columbia, with about 20-year intervals in both regions. The outbreaks of the mountain pine beetles seem to grow much larger and last longer compared to the outbreaks of the spruce bark beetles. Over the years, the mountain pine beetle has killed about 60 million ha forest or 550 million m3 trees in British Columbia, which is at least one hundred times more than for the Spruce bark beetle in Sweden. Damages of both species have increased markedly in the last forty years. About 750 spruce bark beetles per m2 are necessary to kill a healthy spruce, whereas seven times fewer, i.e., about 110 mountain pine beetles per m2, are needed to kill a healthy pine. Furthermore, twice as many offspring per m2 bark are produced by the spruce bark beetle compared to the mountain pine beetle. An explanation for the large differences in population dynamics between these two beetle species may spring from differences in (1) the availability of host trees, (2) number of specimens required to kill a tree, and (3) reproductive success. The latter is in turn affected by the intraspecific competition, nutrient content, and occurrence of fungi.

Authors/Creators:Kärvemo, Simon
Title:Population dynamics of tree-killing bark beetles
Subtitle:a comparison of the European spruce bark beetle and the North American mountain pine beetle
Year of publishing :22 January 2010
Volume:10
Number of Pages:23
Place of Publication:Uppsala
Publisher:Institutionen för ekologi, Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet
Language:English
Publication Type:Other
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:Obsolete subject words > NATURAL SCIENCES > Biology > Organism biology
Obsolete subject words > FORESTRY, AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES and LANDSCAPE PLANNING > Plant production > Forestry
Keywords:population dynamics, Ips typographus, Dendroctonus ponderosae
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-8-414
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-8-414
ID Code:4494
Department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Ecology
(S) > Dept. of Ecology
Deposited By: Simon Kärvemo
Deposited On:25 Jan 2010 00:00
Metadata Last Modified:02 Dec 2014 10:31

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