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Gait and force analysis of provoked pig gait on clean and fouled rubber mat surfaces

Wachenfelt, Hans von and Nilsson, Christer and Pinzke, Stefan (2010). Gait and force analysis of provoked pig gait on clean and fouled rubber mat surfaces. Biosystems engineering. 106 :1 , 86-96
[Research article]

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biosystemseng.2010.03....


Materials that increase floor friction forces in absorption of foot pressure could reduce the risk of slipping, i.e. promote walking safety. The effects of fouled rubber mat floor conditions on the gait of 10 pigs walking in a curve, using kinematics and kinetics to record gait parameters and slip frequency are described and compared with clean conditions. Pigs adapted to fouled floor condition through reduced walking speed (10%), prolonged swing and stance time and a higher number of 3-limb support phases, but kept stride length and diagonality constant. This adaption produced a threefold reduction in lateral horizontal forces and kept braking and propulsion forces constant, resulting in a constant peak utilised coefficient of friction (UCOF) level in fore limbs but a 31% reduction in UCOF in hind limbs. The better traction for pigs walking on rubber matting compared with concrete is due to a more effective transmission of forces from the limb to the elastomer, dissipating the forces into energy within the material, and thus impeding the effect of centripetal force, with less displacement of body centre of gravity and less forward and backward slip. Pig forward slip frequency on fouled rubber matting was 65 and 51% lower for fore and hind limbs respectively compared with pigs walking a curve on fouled concrete. The soft flooring material improved gait adaption and could thus improve walking safety.

Authors/Creators:Wachenfelt, Hans von and Nilsson, Christer and Pinzke, Stefan
Title:Gait and force analysis of provoked pig gait on clean and fouled rubber mat surfaces
Series Name/Journal:Biosystems engineering
Year of publishing :3 April 2010
Page range:86-96
Publisher:Elsevier Ltd, UK
Publication Type:Research article
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Accepted version
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:Obsolete subject words > FORESTRY, AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES and LANDSCAPE PLANNING > Animal production > Animal nutrition and management
Keywords:pigs, floors, friction, slipping, rubber mats, kinematics, kinetics
Permanent URL:
ID Code:4784
Department:(LTJ, LTV) > Rural Buildings and Animal Husbandry (until 121231)
Deposited By: Hans von Wachenfelt
Deposited On:22 Jun 2010 00:00
Metadata Last Modified:07 Jan 2016 10:57

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