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Changing interactions between humans and nature in Sarayaku, Ecuadorian Amazon

Sirén, Anders (2004). Changing interactions between humans and nature in Sarayaku, Ecuadorian Amazon. Diss. (sammanfattning/summary) Uppsala : Sveriges lantbruksuniv., Acta Universitatis agriculturae Sueciae. Agraria, 1401-6249 ; 447
ISBN 91-576-6455-2
[Doctoral thesis]

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Abstract

Increasing scarcity of natural resources is currently of serious concern for many people in the community of Sarayaku. In this thesis, a combination of participatory research, ecological modelling, GIS, and economic experiments was used to identify and examine problems regarding natural resource use in the community. The study showed that the interactions between humans and nature in the area have undergone significant changes during the last four or five centuries, related to changes in population density, settlement pattern, and technology. The community is only partly integrated in the cash economy, and most food is locally produced. Wild game and fish are important sources of dietary protein and fat. Fields and fallows make up about 4% of the area, whereas the rest is dominated by old-growth forest. Near the village fallows dominate the landscape, and the distance from settlements to old-growth forest has increased. Several major game species are severely depleted, particularly in the vicinity of the village. The problem of game depletion can partly be explained as a “tragedy of the commons”, i.e. the result of uncoordinated resource withdrawal by a large number of appropriators, in which each one behaves in a self-interested manner. However, unawareness of the impact of hunting on game populations has also been a contributing cause. The community has long had some capacity for managing resources in a coordinated way, as shown by the existence of rules for how to harvest palm leaves for thatch. During recent decades, the community has created a democratic consensus-based community organization that has developed into a local government. Increasingly, this organization is dealing with regulating natural resource use, in order to solve conflicts and improve sustainability of resource use. Oil development threatens to damage the environment and undermine the local democracy. If this can be avoided, however, improving the sustainability of resource use is an achievable goal.

Authors/Creators:Sirén, Anders
Title:Changing interactions between humans and nature in Sarayaku, Ecuadorian Amazon
Year of publishing :March 2004
Volume:447
Number of Pages:292
Place of Publication:Uppsala
ISBN for printed version:91-576-6455-2
ISSN:1401-6249
Language:English
Publication Type:Doctoral thesis
Full Text Status:Public
Agris subject categories.:P Natural resources > P01 Nature conservation and land resources
E Economics, development, and rural sociology > E50 Rural sociology and social security
Subjects:Not in use, please see Agris categories
Agrovoc terms:hunting, land use, natural resources, social participation, economics, ethnic groups, sustainability, ecuador
Keywords:Hunting, land use, natural resource management, environmental history, livelihoods, common property resources, experimental economics, indigenous people, participatory research, sustainability
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-158
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-158
ID Code:498
Department:(LTJ, LTV) > Institutionen för landsbygdsutveckling och agroekologi (t.o.m. 051231)
Deposited By: Anders Sirén
Deposited On:29 Mar 2004 00:00
Metadata Last Modified:02 Dec 2014 10:05

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