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Upgraded biofuels-effects of quality on processing, handling characteristics, combustion and ash melting

Paulrud, Susanne (2004). Upgraded biofuels-effects of quality on processing, handling characteristics, combustion and ash melting. Diss. (sammanfattning/summary) Umeå : Sveriges lantbruksuniv., Acta Universitatis Agriculturae Sueciae. Agraria, 1401-6249 ; 449
ISBN 91-576-6459-5
[Doctoral thesis]

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Processing (upgrading) to dry and uniform fuels (briquettes, pellets, and powder) extend the use of biomass wastes as an energy source. Upgrading decreases transportation costs, increases storage capacity, and improves combustion properties. The intention of the present work was to investigate the effect of chemical characteristics and physical characteristics on processing, handling characteristics, combustion, and ash melting, using upgraded biofuels. The raw materials used was spring-harvested reed canary-grass (RCG) and wood residues (stemwood without bark). RCG with different ash contents was upgraded to briquettes and combustion experiments were done in a 180 kW boiler. RCG was found to be a suitable raw material for briquetting and variation in ash content did not affect the briquette quality. Combustion experiments showed that RCG can be burned with good result and the variation in ash content did not effect flue gas emissions. The ash formed during combustion showed a tendency to melt. Estimation of melting behaviour was done by ASTM fusion test, a bench scale fluidised-bed combustion test (5 kW), and by extracting melting behaviours from the ternary diagram SiO2-CaO-K2O. For RCG with low ash content (3-4%), the tendency to melt was higher compared to RCG with high ash content (5-10%). Wood powder cut in various impact mills and knife mills was characterised using sieve analysis, laser diffraction, image analysis, and a funnel method for measuring the tendency to bridge. The wood powder fuels were then combusted in a 150 kW powder burner to study emissions as a function of particle properties. Sieving and image analysis showed that impact mills produced wood powder with more fine particles than wood powder produced by knife mills. Image analysis showed that particle shapes differed between the two types of mills. The bridging tendency was higher for powder produced by impact mills than by knife mills. Combustion experiments showed that particle characteristics affected fuel feeding, ignition, unburned pollutants, furnace temperature, and content of unburned matter in ash. An increased content of smaller particles had a negative effect on fuel feeding and NO emissions were slightly increased while it had a positive effect on ignition, unburned pollutants (decreased) and content unburned matter (decreased).

Authors/Creators:Paulrud, Susanne
Title:Upgraded biofuels-effects of quality on processing, handling characteristics, combustion and ash melting
Series Name/Journal:Acta Universitatis Agriculturae Sueciae. Agraria
Year of publishing :April 2004
Number of Pages:53
ALLI. Paulrud, S. & Nilsson, C. 2001. Briquetting and combustion of spring-harvested reed canary-grass: effect of fuel composition. Biomass and Bioenergy 20, 25-35. II. Paulrud, S., Nilsson, C. & Öhman, M. 2001. Reed canary-grass ash composition and its melting behaviour during combustion. Fuel 80, 1391-1398. III. Paulrud, S., Mattsson, JE. & Nilsson, C. 2002. Particle and handling characteristics of wood fuel powder: effects of different mills. Fuel Processing Technology 76, 23-39. IV. Paulrud, S. & Nilsson, C. 2004. The effects of particle characteristics on emissions from burning wood fuel powder. Fuel 83, 813-821.
Place of Publication:Umeå
ISBN for printed version:91-576-6459-5
Publication Type:Doctoral thesis
Full Text Status:Public
Agris subject categories.:P Natural resources > P06 Renewable energy resources
Subjects:Not in use, please see Agris categories
Agrovoc terms:biofuels, fuel crops, combustion, phalaris, wood residues, chemical composition
Keywords:Piston press, CO emissions, PCA, PLS
Permanent URL:
ID Code:533
Department:(NL, NJ) > Unit of Biomass Technology and Chemistry (t.o.m. 121231)
Deposited By: Susanne Paulrud
Deposited On:29 Apr 2004 00:00
Metadata Last Modified:02 Dec 2014 10:05

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