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Genetic and environmental effects on polyphenols in Plantago major

Zubair, Muhammad (2010). Genetic and environmental effects on polyphenols in Plantago major. Alnarp: (LTJ, LTV) > Plant Breeding and Biotechnology (until 121231), Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet. Introductory paper at the Faculty of Landscape Planning, Horticulture and Agricultural Science ; 2010:1
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Abstract

Leaves and seeds of Plantago major (common plantain or greater plantain) have been used for centuries to treat diseases relating to skin, digestive organs and blood circulation like wounds, inflammation and hypertension. Either whole or crushed leaves have been used to treat for example burns and all kinds of wounds to enhance the healing process, and to stop bleeding. To treat superficial wounds it is sufficient to apply the juice from the leaves. Both polysaccharides and polyphenols may have a synergistic effect on wound healing and other biological activities. Polyphenols extracted from leaves and seeds of P. major have been reported to have bioactive effects especially on wound healing, and to have antiulcerogenic, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, anticarcinogenic and antiviral activity. Three subspecies have been described of P. major, two of which have been subjected to genetic and phytochemical analysis. Plantago major subsp. major is naturalized almost throughout the world and is mainly found as an agronomic weed. There has been little work emphasizing the utilization of the bioactive compounds from P. major in modern medicine. Similarly, the effects of genetic and environmental factors on the occurrence of these bioactive compounds have not been reported. The main emphasis of the introductor y paper is to highlight some factors that may be important for the utilization of Plantago major as a medicinal herb, providing the scope for the Ph.D. study. This paper also describes the taxonomy including morphological differences between the two subspecies, distribution, biology, genetics and DNA markers used in P. major.

Authors/Creators:Zubair, Muhammad
Title:Genetic and environmental effects on polyphenols in Plantago major
Series/Journal:Introductory paper at the Faculty of Landscape Planning, Horticulture and Agricultural Science (1654-3580)
Year of publishing :21 October 2010
Number:2010:1
Number of Pages:30
Place of Publication:Alnarp
Publisher:Faculty of Landscape Planning, Horticulture and Agricultural Science, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
ISSN:1654-3580
Language:English
Publication Type:Report
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:Obsolete subject words > MEDICINE > Physiology and pharmacology > Pharmacological research
Obsolete subject words > NATURAL SCIENCES > Biology
Obsolete subject words > NATURAL SCIENCES > Biology > Cell and molecular biology > Genetics
Keywords:Genetics, Phytochemistry, Plantago major
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-4-336
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-4-336
ID Code:5468
Department:(LTJ, LTV) > Plant Breeding and Biotechnology (until 121231)
Deposited By: Muhammad Zubair
Deposited On:22 Oct 2010 00:00
Metadata Last Modified:27 Oct 2015 12:40

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