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Wind power compensation is not for the birds : an opinion from an environmental economist

Cole, Scott (2011). Wind power compensation is not for the birds : an opinion from an environmental economist. Restoration ecology. 19:2, 147-153
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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1526-100X.2010.00771.x

Abstract

This article advocates for better implementation of the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) framework as applied to wind power development, with a particular focus on improving compensatory restoration scaling. If properly enforced, the environmental impacts hierarchy "avoid - minimize - compensate" provides the regulated community with incentives to prevent wildlife and habitat impacts in sensitive areas and, if necessary, compensate for residual impacts through restoration or conservation projects. Given the increase in legislation requiring resource-based environmental compensation, methods for scaling an appropriate quantity and quality of resources is of increasing relevance. I argue that Equivalency Analysis (EA) represents a transparent and quantitative approach for scaling compensation in the case of wind power development. Herein, I identify the economic underpinnings of environmental compensation legislation and identify weaknesses in current scaling approaches within wind power development. I demonstrate how the recently-completed REMEDE Toolkit, which provides guidance on EA, can inform an improved scaling approach and summarize a case study involving raptor collisions with turbines that illustrates the EA approach. Finally, I stress the need for further contributions from the field of restoration ecology. The success of ex ante compensation in internalizing the environmental costs of wind development depends on the effective implementation of the environmental impacts hierarchy, which must effectively encourage avoidance and minimization over environmental restoration and repair.

Authors/Creators:Cole, Scott
Title:Wind power compensation is not for the birds : an opinion from an environmental economist
Series/Journal:Restoration ecology (1061-2971)
Year of publishing :March 2011
Volume:19
Number:2
Page range:147-153
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN:1061-2971
Language:English
Publication Type:Journal article
Refereed:Yes
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Accepted version
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:Obsolete subject words > FORESTRY, AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES and LANDSCAPE PLANNING > Area economics
Keywords:compensatory mitigation, compensatory restoration, Equivalency Analysis (EA), restoration scaling, Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA), no net loss
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-2-505
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-2-505
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
DOI10.1111/j.1526-100X.2010.00771.x
ID Code:5520
Department:(S) > Dept. of Forest Economics
Deposited By: scott cole
Deposited On:28 Feb 2011 00:00
Metadata Last Modified:02 Dec 2014 10:41

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