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Environmental systems analysis of pig production

development and application of tools for evaluation of the environmental impact of feed choice

Strid Eriksson, Ingrid (2004). Environmental systems analysis of pig production. Diss. (sammanfattning/summary) Uppsala : Sveriges lantbruksuniv., Acta Universitatis Agriculturae Sueciae. Agraria, 1401-6249 ; 491
ISBN 91-576-6771-3
[Doctoral thesis]

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The aim of this thesis was to develop the SALSA models (Systems AnaLysis for Sustainable Agriculture), and to apply them to studies for the benefit of more sustainable pig production. Within the framework of environmental systems analysis, the SALSA models were constructed as substance and energy flow models using life cycle assessment methodology for impact assessment and scope definition. The pig production system studied included rearing of growing-finishing pigs (SALSA-pig model) and production of feed (SALSA-arable and SALSA-soybean models). For energy use, global warming potential and eutrophication, the feed production sub-system had the largest environmental impact, whereas for acidification the pig sub-system was the dominant source. Results from simulations using the SALSA-arable model showed that energy use, global warming potential and acidification increased with increasing nitrogen fertiliser rate, whereas eutrophication had a minimum around the current recommended rate. When the pig production system was optimised regarding diet composition for different environmental targets, different diets were obtained. For acidification and eutrophication, a low protein diet was prioritised, which was achieved by high inclusion of synthetic amino acids. For energy use and global warming potential high levels of peas and rapeseed cake (a by-product from rapeseed oil production) were prioritised. The environmental optimiser almost entirely avoided soybean meal, due to its poor environmental record. A main conclusion of the work was that feed choice had an impact on the environmental performance of pig meat production, not only via the features of the feed as fed to the pigs, such as the crude protein content, but also via the raw materials used, since the environmental impact from the production of these differed and since feed production generally had a large impact on the system as a whole.

Authors/Creators:Strid Eriksson, Ingrid
Title:Environmental systems analysis of pig production
Subtitle:development and application of tools for evaluation of the environmental impact of feed choice
Series Name/Journal:Acta Universitatis Agriculturae Sueciae. Agraria
Year of publishing :November 2004
Number of Pages:37
ALLI. Elmquist, H., Strid Eriksson, I., Öborn, I. & Nybrant, T. 2004. Environmental systems analysis of winter wheat, spring barley and spring rapeseed – a study on effects of nitrogen fertilisation application rates using a simulation model. (Manuscript) II. Strid Eriksson, I. & Nybrant, T. 2004. SALSA-pig – a simulation tool for environmental systems analysis of pig rearing. (Manuscript) III. Strid Eriksson, I., Elmquist, H., Stern, S. & Nybrant, T. 2004. Environmental Systems Analysis of pig production: the impact of feed choice. (International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment, OnlineFirst, <DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1065/lca2004.06.160>) IV. Strid Eriksson, I., Stern, S. & Nybrant, T. 2004. Optimisation of pig diets with respect to energy use, global warming, acidification and eutrophication. (Submitted to Agricultural Systems)
Place of Publication:Uppsala
ISBN for printed version:91-576-6771-3
Publication Type:Doctoral thesis
Full Text Status:Public
Agris subject categories.:P Natural resources > P01 Nature conservation and land resources
L Animal production > L02 Animal feeding
Subjects:Not in use, please see Agris categories
Agrovoc terms:feed production, swine, fattening, life cycle, optimization methods, models, soybean meal, environmental impact assessment
Keywords:feed production, growing-finishing pigs, life cycle assessment (LCA), optimisation model, SALSA models, soybean meal
Permanent URL:
ID Code:666
Department:(NL, NJ) > Department of Biometry and Engineering
Deposited By: Ingrid Strid Eriksson
Deposited On:08 Nov 2004 00:00
Metadata Last Modified:02 Dec 2014 10:06

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