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Domestication of wild roses for fruit production

Uggla, Madeleine (2004). Domestication of wild roses for fruit production. Diss. (sammanfattning/summary) Alnarp : Sveriges lantbruksuniv., Acta Universitatis agriculturae Sueciae. Agraria, 1401-6249 ; 480
ISBN 91-576-6751-9
[Doctoral thesis]

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Abstract

The utilization of rose hips has a long tradition in Sweden, where they are used for the manufacturing of a popular dessert soup rich in vitamin C. In the mid 1980s a project was initiated at Balsgård, situated in the south of Sweden, with the aim to develop rose cultivars as a field crop for rose hip production. In the present thesis, some aspects of the domestication process in wild roses for fruit production are reported and discussed. Most of the papers concern species within section Caninae. All of these species are polyploid and characterized by their unique meiosis with unequal distribution of chromosomes from the parents to the offspring. The plant breeding program was divided into three steps. In the first step, plant material was acquired from different sources. The second step involved intraspecific and interspecific crosses in section Caninae and the third step concerned intersectional crosses between sections Caninae and Cinnamomeae. Seed germination was studied with different temperature treatments, and differences in amount of germination among the species were noted. Morphological diversity within and between three species, belonging to section Caninae, R. dumalis, R. rubiginosa and R. villosa was investigated. Rosa dumalis demonstrated the most pronounced intraspecific variation, whereas R. rubiginosa was very homogenous. Similar results were obtained when offspring plants were screened for fruit traits, such as fruit weight, % fruit flesh, % dry matter and vitamin C. Matroclinal inheritance was demonstrated with molecular markers (RAPD) in a pair of reciprocal crosses between R. dumalis and R. rubiginosa. The development of colour and some other fruit characteristics during ripening was studied for 6 weeks in R. dumalis, R. rubiginosa and R. spinosissima. For R. dumalis and R. rubiginosa it is possible to use colour as an indicator of optimum harvesting time. In R. spinosissima the fruits should be harvested in the middle of September, when most of the fruit traits have reached an optimum. Seedlings from 11 intersectional crosses (Caninae and Cinnamomeae) were screened for blackspot, leaf spot, powdery mildew and rust. Blackspot was the most severe disease followed by leaf spot, whereas symptoms of powdery mildew and rust were rare.

Authors/Creators:Uggla, Madeleine
Title:Domestication of wild roses for fruit production
Year of publishing :October 2004
Volume:480
Number of Pages:34
Papers/manuscripts:
NumberReferences
ALLI. Uggla, M. & Nybom, H. 1999. Domestication of a new crop in Sweden – dogroses (Rosa sect. Caninae) for commercial rose hip production. Acta Horticulturae ISHS 484, 147-151. II. Werlemark, G., Carlson-Nilsson, U., Uggla, M. & Nybom, H. 1995. Effects of temperature treatments on seedling emergence in dogroses, Rosa Sect. Caninae (L). Acta Agriculturae Scandinavica, Section B, Soil and Plant Science 45, 278-282. III. Nybom, H., Carlson-Nilsson, U., Werlemark, G. & Uggla, M. 1997. Different levels of morphometric variation in three heterogamous dogrose species (Rosa sect. Caninae, Rosaceae). Plant Systematics and Evolution 204, 207-224. IV. Werlemark, G., Uggla, M. & Nybom, H. 1999. Morphological and RAPD markers show a highly skewed distribution in a pair of reciprocal crosses between hemisexual dogrose species, Rosa sect. Caninae. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 98, 557-563. V. Uggla, M. & Carlson-Nilsson, B.U. 2004. Screening of fungal diseases in offspring from crosses between Rosa sections Caninae and Cinnamomeae. Scientia Horticulturae. In press. VI. Uggla, M., Gao, X. & Werlemark, G. 2003. Variation among and within dogrose taxa (Rosa sect. Caninae) in fruit weight, percentages of fruit flesh and dry matter, and vitamin C content. Acta Agriculturae Scandinavica, Section B, Soil and Plant Science 53, 147-155. VII. Uggla, M., Gustavsson, K.-E., Olsson, M.E. & Nybom, H. 2004. Changes in colour and sugar contents in rose hips (Rosa dumalis L. and R. rubiginosa L.) during ripening. Journal of Horticultural Science & Biotechnology . In press. VIII. Uggla, M. 2004. Changes in fruit quality and fruit detachment force in rose hips (Rosa spinosissima L.) during ripening. Manuscript. IX. Gao, X., Björk, L., Trajkovski, V. & Uggla, M. 2000. Evaluation of antioxidant activities of rosehip ethanol extracts in different test systems. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 80, 2021-2027.
Place of Publication:Alnarp
Associated Programs and Other Stakeholders:Z - SLU - Libray > Odla mera
ISBN for printed version:91-576-6751-9
ISSN:1401-6249
Language:English
Publication Type:Doctoral thesis
Full Text Status:Public
Agris subject categories.:F Plant production > F30 Plant genetics and breeding
H Protection of plants and stored products > H20 Plant diseases
Subjects:Not in use, please see Agris categories
Agrovoc terms:rosa, genetic variation, genetic inheritance, fruits, ripening, fungal diseases, antioxidants
Keywords:Rosa sect. Caninae, genetic diversity, matroclinal inheritance, fruit ripening, fungal diseases, antioxidants
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-327
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-327
ID Code:670
Department:(NL, NJ) > Institutionen för växtvetenskap
Deposited By: Madeleine Uggla
Deposited On:21 Oct 2004 00:00
Metadata Last Modified:21 Oct 2015 14:02

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