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Economics of Marine Pollution

Elofsson, Katarina (2002). Economics of Marine Pollution. Diss. (sammanfattning/summary) Uppsala : Sveriges lantbruksuniv., Acta Universitatis agriculturae Sueciae. Agraria, 1401-6249 ; 348
ISBN 91-576-6157-X
[Doctoral thesis]

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Abstract

Large overloads of nutrients are one of many stresses on coastal and marine ecosystems and there is a need for policies that reduce nutrient emissions. This thesis contributes to the knowledge about policy design for marine pollutants. All applications are made to nutrient emissions to the Baltic Sea, but the concepts and issues are likely to be relevant also for the management of other regional seas. Three of the included studies analyze cost-effective policies for reduced eutrophication. In the fourth study, game theory is used to analyze countries' choice of abatement level when abatement costs are uncertain. Two major messages emerge from the thesis. The first message concerns the current de facto policy in the Baltic Sea region, where uniform reduction rates are applied for nutrients and countries. Abandoning these uniform reduction rates can save costs. If uniform reductions for countries or nutrients are replaced by cost-effective reductions, then, in either case, more abatement is called for in the countries in transition. This, in turn, might require international institutions that can distribute the costs of abatement among all countries in Baltic Sea region. The second message is that uncertainty is of importance for policy design. Firstly, nutrient loads to coastal waters are stochastic and if peak loads cause high environmental damage, then, in order to reduce total abatement cost, abatement efforts should be particularly high at sources and in regions where abatement leads to large reductions in load variations. Secondly, unilateral abatement, that is undertaken in one country with a purpose to reduce uncertainty about abatement costs and thereby encourage another country to follow, might lead to larger emissions in total and lower utility in both countries.

Authors/Creators:Elofsson, Katarina
Title:Economics of Marine Pollution
Year of publishing :September 2002
Volume:348
Number of Pages:41
Papers/manuscripts:
NumberReferences
ALLI. Elofsson, K. 1999. Cost effective reductions in the agricultural load of nitrogen to the Baltic Sea. In: Boman, M., Brännlund, R. & Kriström, B. Topics in Environmental Economics. Kluwer Academic Publishers. Dordrecht. II. Elofsson, K. Cost-effective reductions of stochastic agricultural loads to the Baltic Sea. (Manuscript accepted for publication in Ecological Economics after minor revisions.) III. Elofsson, K. Control strategies for interactive water pollutants. (Manuscript.) IV. Elofsson, K. Cost uncertainty and unilateral abatement. (Manuscript.)
Place of Publication:Uppsala
ISBN for printed version:91-576-6157-X
ISSN:1401-6249
Language:English
Publication Type:Doctoral thesis
Full Text Status:Public
Agris subject categories.:T Pollution > T01 Pollution
M Aquatic sciences and fisheries > M01 Fisheries and aquaculture - General aspects
Subjects:Not in use, please see Agris categories
Agrovoc terms:water pollution, pollution by agriculture, pollutants, eutrophication, pollution control, environmental policies, fiscal policies, cost benefit analysis, baltic sea
Keywords:algae production, chance constraints, cost-effectiveness, eutrophication, large-scale water pollution, pollutant interaction, Cournot, Stackelberg
ID Code:78
Department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Economics
Deposited By: Katarina Elofsson
Deposited On:16 Sep 2002 00:00
Metadata Last Modified:02 Dec 2014 10:01

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