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Influence of water table level and soil properties on emissions of greenhouse gases from cultivated peat soil

Berglund, Örjan and Berglund, Kerstin (2011). Influence of water table level and soil properties on emissions of greenhouse gases from cultivated peat soil. Soil biology & biochemistry. 43:5, 923-931
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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.soilbio.2011.01.002

Abstract

A lysimeter method using undisturbed soil columns was used to investigate the effect of water table depth and soil properties on soil organic matter decomposition and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from cultivated peat soils. The study was carried out using cultivated organic soils from two locations in Sweden: Örke, a typical cultivated fen peat with low pH and high organic matter content and Majnegården, a more uncommon fen peat type with high pH and low organic matter content. Even though carbon and nitrogen contents differ greatly between the sites, carbon and nitrogen density are quite similar. A drilling method with minimal soil disturbance was used to collect 12 undisturbed soil monoliths (50 cm high, Ø29.5 cm) per site. They were sown with ryegrass (Lolium perenne) after the original vegetation was removed. The lysimeter design allowed the introduction of water at depth so as to maintain a constant water table at either 40 cm or 80 cm below the soil surface. CO2, CH4 and N2O emissions from the lysimeters were measured weekly and complemented with incubation experiments with small undisturbed soil cores subjected to different tensions (5, 40, 80 and 600 cm water column). CO2 emissions were greater from the treatment with the high water table level (40 cm) compared with the low level (80 cm). N2O emissions peaked in springtime and CH4 emissions were very low or negative. Estimated GHG emissions during one year were between 2.70 and 3.55 kg CO2 equivalents m-2. The results from the incubation experiment were in agreement with emissions results from the lysimeter experiments. We attribute the observed differences in GHG emissions between the soils to the contrasting dry matter liability and soil physical properties. The properties of the different soil layers will determine the effect of water table regulation. Lowering the water table without exposing new layers with easily decomposable material would have a limited effect on emission rates.

Authors/Creators:Berglund, Örjan and Berglund, Kerstin
Title:Influence of water table level and soil properties on emissions of greenhouse gases from cultivated peat soil
Series/Journal:Soil biology & biochemistry (0038-0717)
Year of publishing :21 January 2011
Volume:43
Number:5
Page range:923-931
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0038-0717
Language:English
Additional Information:Published by Elsevier in Soil Biology and Biochemistry.
Publication Type:Journal article
Refereed:Yes
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Accepted version
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:Obsolete subject words > FORESTRY, AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES and LANDSCAPE PLANNING > Soil science
Obsolete subject words > FORESTRY, AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES and LANDSCAPE PLANNING > Soil science > Soil physics
Obsolete subject words > FORESTRY, AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES and LANDSCAPE PLANNING > Soil science > Soil biology
Agrovoc terms:Soil sciences, Soil organisms, Soil biology
Keywords:peat soils, greenhouse gas emission, groundwater level, agricultural soils, lysimeter, CO2, organic soils
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-37
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-37
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
DOI10.1016/j.soilbio.2011.01.002
ID Code:8046
Department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Soil Sciences > Div. of Hydrotechnics
(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Soil and Environment
(S) > Dept. of Soil and Environment
Deposited By: Örjan Berglund
Deposited On:11 Apr 2011 13:43
Metadata Last Modified:02 Dec 2014 10:45

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