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Cost efficiency of measures to increase the amount of coarse woody debris in managed Norway spruce forest

Ranius, Thomas and Ekvall, Hans and Jonsson, Mattias and Bostedt, Göran (2005). Cost efficiency of measures to increase the amount of coarse woody debris in managed Norway spruce forest. Forest ecology and management. 206:1-3, 119-133
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Abstract

Changing silvicultural methods in managed forestland to improve habitat quality for forest organisms has become one of the main means to preserve forest biodiversity in Fennoscandia. In boreal forests, coarse woody debris (CWD) is an important substrate for red-listed species. In this study, we analyse cost efficiency of five management measures taken in Swedish forestry, which aim at increasing CWD in managed forests: retention of living trees at harvest, artificial creation of high stumps, manual scarification at clearcuts to avoid destruction of CWD, prolongation of the rotation period, and retention of naturally dying trees. For Norway spruce (Picea abies) stands in different parts of Sweden, we calculated the present value and predicted the amount of CWD that will be present if the same management method is used over a long time. To retain reasonable amounts of naturally dying trees was always inexpensive, and in central and northern Sweden it was more economical to retain them than to harvest them. Creation of high stumps was a cost efficient method to increase the amount of CWD. Prolonging the rotation period was the most expensive way to increase CWD. We conclude that adopting several different measures to increase CWD in managed forests, as prescribed by certification standards today, is a good concept, but to be cost efficient the focus should be on different measures in different parts of Sweden.

Authors/Creators:Ranius, Thomas and Ekvall, Hans and Jonsson, Mattias and Bostedt, Göran
Title:Cost efficiency of measures to increase the amount of coarse woody debris in managed Norway spruce forest
Series/Journal:Forest ecology and management (0378-1127)
Year of publishing :2005
Volume:206
Number:1-3
Page range:119-133
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0378-1127
Language:English
Additional Information:Published by Elsevier in Forest Ecology and Management
Publication Type:Journal article
Refereed:Yes
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Accepted version
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:Obsolete subject words > FORESTRY, AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES and LANDSCAPE PLANNING > Plant production > Forestry
Obsolete subject words > FORESTRY, AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES and LANDSCAPE PLANNING > Area economics > Forest economics
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 401 Agricultural, Forestry and Fisheries > Forest Science
Keywords:dead wood, forestry, FSC, green tree retention, Picea abies
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-48
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-48
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
DOI10.1016/j.foreco.2004.10.061
ID Code:8059
Department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Ecology
(S) > Dept. of Ecology
Deposited By: Thomas Ranius
Deposited On:18 Apr 2011 09:26
Metadata Last Modified:02 Dec 2014 10:45

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