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Moringa oleifera as an alternative fodder for dairy cows in Nicaragua

Mendieta-Araica, Bryan (2011). Moringa oleifera as an alternative fodder for dairy cows in Nicaragua. Diss. (sammanfattning/summary) Uppsala : Sveriges lantbruksuniv., Acta Universitatis Agriculturae Sueciae, 1652-6880 ; 2011:34
ISBN 978-91-576-7569-9
[Doctoral thesis]

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The four studies comprising this thesis characterised Moringa oleifera as a fodder for dairy cows under dry tropical conditions in Nicaragua. An agronomy study examined, two planting densities (D1=100,000 and D2=167,000 plants ha-1) and four fertilisation levels (N1=0, N2=261, N3=521 and N4=782 kg N ha-1). The D2 density gave significantly higher yields of total dry matter ha-1 (TDMY) and fine fraction dry matter ha-1 (FFDM) compared with D1. There were significant interactions between fertilisation level and the variables year and cut with regard to TDMY and FFDM. However, fertilisation levels N3 and N4 gave the highest yield in both years and among all cuts.

A study on Moringa leaf meal (MLM), as a protein source in concentrates to dairy cows found no significant difference in milk production when comparing isocaloric and isoproteinic concentrates with or without MLM. In an ensiling experiment, Moringa was ensiled alone with 10 g kg-1 fresh matter (FM) molasses and compared with several mixtures with Elephant grass and sugar cane. Pure Moringa biomass produced silage with a higher crude protein (CP) content and had a favourable effect on silage pH, with higher lactic acid concentrations, but the presence of Moringa decreased time to spoilage by 67 h (22%) compared with the Elephant grass silages.

Feeding Moringa as the sole roughage, either fresh or ensiled, compared with feeding Elephant grass resulted in higher digestibility of both CP and fibre but milk yield did not differ (13.7 kg cow day-1). No differences in milk composition were found between treatments but when fresh Moringa was fed a grassy flavour and aroma was detected in the milk.

In conclusion, to maintain high biomass yield of Moringa over time, the best planting density-fertiliser combination was D2 and N3. MLM can successfully replace commercial concentrate ingredients for dairy cows. Furthermore, Moringa ensiled alone, with only 10 or 50 g kg-1 FM molasses added, produces good quality silage that can be fed to dairy cows in large quantities while maintaining the same milk production level and milk quality as for cows fed conventional roughages.

Authors/Creators:Mendieta-Araica, Bryan
Title:Moringa oleifera as an alternative fodder for dairy cows in Nicaragua
Series Name/Journal:Acta Universitatis Agriculturae Sueciae
Year of publishing :10 June 2011
Number of Pages:58
I.Mendieta-Araica, B., Spörndly, E., Reyes-Sánchez, N., Salmerón-Miranda, F., Halling, M., (2011). Biomass production and chemical composition of Moringa oleifera under different planting densities and levels of nitrogen fertilization (Submitted to Agroforestry Systems).
II.Mendieta-Araica, B., Spörndly, R., Reyes-Sánchez, N., Spörndly, E.,(2011). Moringa (Moringa oleifera) leaf meal as a source of protein in locally produced concentrates for dairy cows fed low protein diets in tropical areas. Livestock Science 137, 10-17.
III.Mendieta-Araica, B., Spörndly, E., Reyes-Sánchez, N., Norell, L.,Spörndly, R., (2009). Silage quality when Moringa oleifera is ensiled in mixtures with Elephant grass, sugar cane and molasses. Grass and Forage Science 64, 364-373.
IV.Mendieta-Araica, B., Spörndly, E., Reyes-Sánchez, N., Spörndly, R.,(2011). Feeding Moringa oleifera fresh or ensiled to dairy cows- Effects on milk yield and milk flavor. Tropical Animal Health and Production 43, 1039-1047.
Place of Publication:Uppsala
Publisher:Institutionen för husdjurens utfodring och vård, Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet.
ISBN for printed version:978-91-576-7569-9
Publication Type:Doctoral thesis
Full Text Status:Public
Agris subject categories.:L Animal production > L02 Animal feeding
Subjects:Obsolete subject words > FORESTRY, AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES and LANDSCAPE PLANNING > Animal production > Animal nutrition and management
Agrovoc terms:moringa oleifera, dairy cows, milk yield, milk composition, silage, feeds, nicaragua
Keywords:Moringa oleifera, Dairy cows, milk yield, milk composition, organoleptic characteristics, silage, leaf meal, biomass yield, planting density, fertilisation levels
Permanent URL:
ID Code:8134
Department:(VH) > Dept. of Animal Nutrition and Management
External funders:Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency
Deposited By: Bryan Mendieta-Araica
Deposited On:18 May 2011 08:25
Metadata Last Modified:02 Dec 2014 10:46

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