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Adoption of bioenergy technologies for a sustainable energy system

Bjørnstad, Even (2011). Adoption of bioenergy technologies for a sustainable energy system. Diss. (sammanfattning/summary) Uppsala : Sveriges lantbruksuniv., Acta Universitatis agriculturae Sueciae, 1652-6880 ; 2011:39
ISBN 978-91-576-7501-9
[Doctoral thesis]

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Abstract

A future sustainable energy system must achieve great improvements in energy efficiency and the energy supply must be based on renewable energy sources. Bioenergy will be an important part of this system. Changing from the current fossil-dependent energy system to a truly sustainable energy system will require fundamental changes in basic structures of society, in the technologies we utilize in the living of our lives and in the way we as citizens and consumers behave relative to energy use. Radical innovations along multiple dimensions are needed to
achieve this change.

In this thesis the focus is on the role of bioenergy technologies in this system. Specifically, the diffusion of bioenergy based heating technologies is analyzed in four separate research papers. Empirical analyses are based on data from relevant markets in Norway and Sweden. In Paper I, the supply curve of the potential forest fuel supply of a Norwegian county is analyzed, based on an engineering
economics approach. Can differences in cost structure in forestry explain why Norway is lagging behind Sweden in terms of bioenergy use? The answer is that there is no lack of low-cost supply of forest fuel raw material in Norway to explain this difference. Paper II takes a forest owner's view and assesses effects on the optimal timing of the harvesting of the forest, when two important additions to the classical Faustmann model are assumed. The market value of the biomass in the tops and branches (harvesting residues) and the value of carbon fixed in the living
trees are added to the value of the stem (timber). The value of wood residues shorten the optimal rotation length, while the carbon storage value of the tree lengthens it. The optimal rotation length is very sensitive to the relative size of these two added value components.

In Paper III, the initial phase of the development of biomass use in the Swedish district heating sector is scrutinized. A central conclusion is the importance of long
term and stable policy signals and the development of an innovation system around this sector. The last article, Paper IV, takes a look at the effects of the Norwegian
Household Subsidy Programme for new heating technologies, including pellet stoves. It shows that households put relatively little weight on purely economic factors in assessing the success of their investment in such technologies.

Authors/Creators:Bjørnstad, Even
Title:Adoption of bioenergy technologies for a sustainable energy system
Series/Journal:Acta Universitatis agriculturae Sueciae (1652-6880)
Year of publishing :18 May 2011
Volume:2011:39
Number of Pages:54
Papers/manuscripts:
NumberReferences
I.Bjørnstad, E. (2005): "An engineering economics approach to the estimation of forest fuel supply in North-Trøndelag county, Norway". Journal of Forest Economics 10, 161–188.
II.Bjørnstad, E. and A. Skonhoft (2002): "Wood Fuel or Carbon Sink? Aspects of Forestry in the Climate Question". Environmental and Resource Economics 23, 447–465.
III.Bjørnstad, E. and B. Hillring: Early adoption of biofuels in the Swedish district heating sector (manuscript).
IV.Bjørnstad, E.: Diffusion of renewable heating technologies in households. Experiences from the Norwegian Household Subsidy Programme (manuscript).
Place of Publication:Uppsala
Publisher:Dept. of Energy and Technology, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
ISBN for printed version:978-91-576-7501-9
ISSN:1652-6880
Language:English
Publication Type:Doctoral thesis
Full Text Status:Public
Agris subject categories.:P Natural resources > P05 Energy resources management
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 405 Other Agricultural Sciences > Renewable Bioenergy Research
Agrovoc terms:biofuels, heating, energy generation, economic analysis, carbon cycle, technology transfer, value systems, sustainability, norway, sweden
Keywords:bioenergy, forestry, innovation
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-100
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-100
ID Code:8140
Department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Energy and Technology
External funders:Interreg IIIA
Deposited By: Even Bjørnstad
Deposited On:19 May 2011 07:13
Metadata Last Modified:02 Dec 2014 10:46

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