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Cytogenetics, genetic diversity and phylogenetics of wild Zea species, with emphasis on Zea nicaraguensis

Loaisiga, C.H. (2011). Cytogenetics, genetic diversity and phylogenetics of wild Zea species, with emphasis on Zea nicaraguensis. Diss. (sammanfattning/summary) Sweden : Sveriges lantbruksuniv., Acta Universitatis agriculturae Sueciae, 1652-6880 ; 2011:41
ISBN 978-91-576-7585-9
[Doctoral thesis]

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Abstract

Maize (Zea mays subsp. mays) is a member of the grass family Poaceae (Gramineae), together with many other important agricultural crops. The wild species commonly known as teosintes are the closest relatives of maize. Teosintes are wild grasses with a native distribution area from Mexico to Nicaragua and are an important genetic resource for maize improvement. Teosinte from Nicaragua (Zea nicaraguensis) is to a large extent an unutilized genetic resource and its properties in terms of desirable traits, such as water-lodging adaptation and disease resistance have to be phenotypically and genetically characterized.
The aims of this thesis were to verify the chromosome number and characterize the genetic diversity of Nicaraguan teosinte populations and to determine genetic structure, gene flow, morphological variation and phylogenetic relationships among Meso-American teosintes. The thesis includes results from cytological, genetic, morphological and phylogenetic studies. Cytogenetic studies were based on C-banding techniques. Microsatellite (SSR) markers and DNA sequences of cpDNA regions were used for genetic diversity and phylogenetic studies respectively, whereas morphological studies involved various quantitative morphological traits. The C-banding pattern revealed that Z. nicaraguensis is more similar to Z. luxurians than other teosintes and cultivated maize.
Among the Meso-American teosintes, Z. diploperennis, Z. perennis and Z. nicaraguensis showed the highest values in the number of rare and unique alleles and the data also indicated that the gene flow between Z. nicaraguensis and Z. luxurians has been more frequent than between other teosintes. The morphological characterization revealed that the traits of the number of lateral branch nodes bearing ears, the glume width, the number of tiller nodes bearing ears and the number of tillers per plant were the most important in discriminating between taxa and the principal component analysis grouped many traits around the Z. nicaraguensis, Z. luxurians and Z. mays subsp. huehuetenangensis. Finally, the variation among cpDNA sequences was not enough to give a definitive phylogenetic resolution among the five Zea species, but even so our results support the idea that Z. nicaraguensis could be treated as a separate species distinct from Z. luxurians.

Authors/Creators:Loaisiga, C.H.
Title:Cytogenetics, genetic diversity and phylogenetics of wild Zea species, with emphasis on Zea nicaraguensis
Year of publishing :2011
Volume:2011:41
Number of Pages:53
Papers/manuscripts:
NumberReferences
IEllneskog-Staam P., Loáisiga C., & Merker A. (2007). Chromosome C-banding of the teosinte Zea nicaraguensis and comparison with other Zea species. Hereditas 144, 96-101.
IILoáisiga C., Kolodinska Brantestam A., Diaz O., Salomon B., & Merker A. (2010). Genetic diversity in seven populations of Nicaraguan teosinte (Zea nicaraguensis Iltis and Benz) as estimated by microsatellite variation. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution 58: DOI:10.1007/s10722-010-9637-6
IIILoáisiga C., Rocha O., Kolodinska Brantestam A., Salomon B., & Merker A. (2011). Genetic diversity and gene flow in six accessions of Meso-American teosintes. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution 59: DOI:10.1007/s10722-011-9671-2
IVLoáisiga C., Benavides A., Rocha O., Kolodinska Brantestam A., Geleta M., Salomon B. & Merker A. Morphological similarities between teosintes (Zea subsp). From Meso-America (Submitted).
VLoáisiga C., Geleta M., Rocha O., Kolodinska Brantestam A., Merker A. & Salomon B. A molecular phylogeny of Zea on cpDNA regions (Manuscript).
Place of Publication:Sweden
Publisher:Dept. of Plant Breeding and Biotechnolgy, Swedish University of Agricultural Science
ISBN for printed version:978-91-576-7585-9
ISSN:1652-6880
Language:English
Publication Type:Doctoral thesis
Full Text Status:Public
Agris subject categories.:F Plant production > F70 Plant taxonomy and geography
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 1 Natural sciences > 106 Biological Sciences (Medical to be 3 and Agricultural to be 4) > Biological Systematics
Agrovoc terms:maize, zea, nicaragua, genetic variation, chromosome number, phylogeny, microsatellites, gene flow, plant morphology
Keywords:chromosome , teosinte , microsatellites, chloroplast, phylogenetic, Zea nicaraguensis, genetic diversity
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-113
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-113
ID Code:8148
Department:(LTJ, LTV) > Plant Breeding and Biotechnology (until 121231)
External funders:Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency
Deposited By: Carlos Loaisiga
Deposited On:27 May 2011 08:26
Metadata Last Modified:02 Dec 2014 10:46

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