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Choosing the best of both worlds

the double life of the great crested newt

Gustafson, Daniel (2011). Choosing the best of both worlds. Diss. (sammanfattning/summary) Skinnskatteberg : Sveriges lantbruksuniv., Acta Universitatis agriculturae Sueciae, 1652-6880 ; 2011:87
ISBN 978-91-576-7631-3
[Doctoral thesis]

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Abstract

The great crested newt (Triturus cristatus) is dependent on two environments for its survival: the aquatic habitat necessary for breeding and development, and the terrestrial
habitat required for post-breeding and juvenile activities. For a population to be able to survive in a landscape, both habitat types must be present within migration distance
from each other. The overall aim of this thesis is to find and describe prerequisites of environments and landscapes that make them sufficient as habitats for the great crested
newt. The purpose is also to present the results in a conservation perspective and to discuss them in relation to practical examples. In five separate studies, performed in
Örebro County, south-central Sweden, the aquatic and terrestrial habitats of the species were examined. The first study examined aquatic plants in a variety of ponds and landscapes, to determine if the diversity of plant species was higher in ponds where great crested newts were present. I found that ponds with newts had a significantly
higher mean number of plant species than ponds without the species. The second study focused on the question if there are chemical and physical characteristics that determine
occurrence of great crested newts. The results showed that temperature and nutrient levels (nitrogen and phosphorus) were important in distinguishing between ponds with
and without newts, whereas other physical variables were less important. My results also suggest that the great crested newt selects ponds with low nutrient levels for
breeding, while the species may also be present in ponds with higher nutrient levels. The third study used radio-telemetry in an attempt to determine how the great crested
newt moved in its terrestrial habitat and which micro-habitats it used while the focal point of study four was the landscape and if landscape composition may predict use of ponds as aquatic habitats. Combined, studies three and four suggest that management of the species should to a greater extent include terrestrial habitat, with special attention given to older, deciduous-rich forest within approximately 200 m of breeding ponds. The aim of the last study was to describe and evaluate a project concerning
translocation of a great crested newt population. I point out the necessity of long-term monitoring to distinguish any possible success with respect to site sustainability and
population size.

Authors/Creators:Gustafson, Daniel
Title:Choosing the best of both worlds
Subtitle:the double life of the great crested newt
Series/Journal:Acta Universitatis agriculturae Sueciae (1652-6880)
Year of publishing :October 2011
Volume:2011:87
Number of Pages:64
Papers/manuscripts:
NumberReferences
IGustafson, D.H., Journath Pettersson, C. & Malmgren, J.C. (2006). Great crested newts (Triturus cristatus) as indicators of aquatic plant diversity. Herpetological Journal 16(4), 347-352.
IIGustafson, D.H., Andersen, A.S.L., Mikusiński, G. & Malmgren, J.C. (2009). Pond quality determinants of occurrence patterns of great crested newts (Triturus cristatus). Journal of Herpetology 43(2), 300-310.
IIIGustafson, D.H., Malmgren, J.C & Mikusiński, G. Terrestrial movement and habitat use of great crested newts (Triturus cristatus) (manuscript).
IVGustafson, D.H., Malmgren, J.C. & Mikusiński, G. (2011). Terrestrial habitat predicts use of aquatic habitat for breeding purposes – a study on the great crested newt (Triturus cristatus). Annales Zoologici Fennici 48, in press.
VGustafson, D.H. & Mikusiński, G. When development and amphibians meet – a case study on great crested newts (Triturus cristatus) from southcentral Sweden (manuscript).
Place of Publication:Skinnskatteberg
Publisher:Skogsmästarskolan, Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet
ISBN for printed version:978-91-576-7631-3
ISSN:1652-6880
Language:English
Publication Type:Doctoral thesis
Full Text Status:Public
Agris subject categories.:L Animal production > L20 Animal ecology
M Aquatic sciences and fisheries > M40 Aquatic ecology
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 1 Natural sciences > 106 Biological Sciences (Medical to be 3 and Agricultural to be 4) > Zoology
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 1 Natural sciences > 106 Biological Sciences (Medical to be 3 and Agricultural to be 4) > Ecology
Obsolete subject words > NATURAL SCIENCES > Biology > Terrestrial, freshwater and marine ecology > Terrestrial ecology
Obsolete subject words > NATURAL SCIENCES > Biology > Terrestrial, freshwater and marine ecology > Freshwater ecology
Agrovoc terms:salamanders, habitats, landscape, ponds, indicator organisms, sweden
Keywords:Great crested newt, Triturus cristatus, habitat selection, aquatic and terrestrial habitat use, landscape, pondscape, indicator species, radio-telemetry, translocation
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-225
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-225
ID Code:8358
Department:(S) > School for Forest Management
Deposited By: Daniel Gustafson
Deposited On:13 Oct 2011 09:51
Metadata Last Modified:02 Dec 2014 10:47

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