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Reduction of refining energy during mechanical pulping

using pressurised chip compression and sulphite pre-treatment

Nelsson, Erik (2011). Reduction of refining energy during mechanical pulping. Uppsala : Sveriges lantbruksuniv.
ISBN 978-91-576-9049-4
[Licentiate thesis]

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Abstract

The effects of pressurised compressive chip pre-treatment and low dosage sulphite pre-treatment were evaluated for production of thermomechanical pulp in mill scale trials using Norway spruce (Picea abies) at the Braviken paper mill (Holmen Paper AB, Sweden). The general aim of the study was to improve the energy efficiency during the production of mechanical pulps suitable for news and improved news grade papers.
The pressurised compressive chip pre-treatment performed in an Impressafiner, resulted in a reduced acetone extractive content for first stage blow line pulp by up to 24%. Furthermore, pulp produced from mechanically pre-treated chips had higher tensile- and tear indices, elongation and light scattering and lower freeness compared to pulps from untreated chips produced with equal total specific energy consumption. The total specific energy consumption was reduced by 120 kWh/bone dry ton (6%) at equal tensile index, when pulps were produced together with the Impressafiner pre-treatment.
Sulphite pre-treatment increased tensile index, elongation, density and brightness and reduced light scattering and shive content compared to pulps produced with only mechanical pre-treatment at equal specific energy consumption. The increase in tensile index and reduction in light scattering followed linear relations to the dosage of sodium sulphite in the measured dosage range (0-1.2% Na2SO3). The addition of ~1.2% sodium sulphite gave a sulphur content in pulp of ~0.67% (as Na2SO3) and reduced the specific energy consumption by 210-320 kWh/bdt (12-15%) when compared at equal tensile index. However, light scattering was not retained for this energy reduction.
Further analyses showed that sulphite pre-treatment did not significantly affect the distribution of the Bauer-McNett fractions or the fibre length for pulps refined with equal specific energy consumption but did increase fibre delamination/internal fibrillation as measured by Fernando and Daniel’s (2010) version of Simons’ staining.
The specific energy consumption for pulps produced with sulphite pre-treatment (1.2% Na2SO3) and double disc refining were 650 kWh/bdt (30%) lower than for pulps produced in a two stage single disc refiner line (no pre-treatment), when compared at a similar tensile index and light scattering coefficient.

Authors/Creators:Nelsson, Erik
Title:Reduction of refining energy during mechanical pulping
Subtitle:using pressurised chip compression and sulphite pre-treatment
Year of publishing :28 October 2011
Number of Pages:62
Papers/manuscripts:
NumberReferences
IErik Nelsson, Christer Sandberg, Lars Hildén and Geoffrey Daniel (2011). Pressurised compressive chip pre-treatment of Norway spruce with a mill scale Impressafiner. Accepted for publication in Nordic Pulp and Paper Research Journal.
IIErik Nelsson, Lars Hildén, Christer Sandberg, Dinesh Fernando and Geoffrey Daniel (2011). Mill scale experiences of combined low dosage sulphite pre-treatment and high intensity refining of spruce (manuscript). A shorter version of the paper is published in Proceedings of International Mechanical Pulping Conference 2011, Xi’an, China, June 26-29, 182-186.
IIIJonas Hafrén, Erik Nelsson, Hans C. Gerritsen and Arjen N. Bader (2011). Optical properties of low sulfite pretreated thermomechanical pulp. Submitted to Holzforschung.
Place of Publication:Uppsala
Publisher:Institutionen för skogens produkter, Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet
ISBN for printed version:978-91-576-9049-4
Language:English
Publication Type:Licentiate thesis
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:Obsolete subject words > TECHNOLOGY > Materials science > Other materials science
Obsolete subject words > FORESTRY, AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES and LANDSCAPE PLANNING > Product science > Wood fibre and forest products
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 401 Agricultural, Forestry and Fisheries > Wood Science
Obsolete subject words > TECHNOLOGY > Chemical engineering > Chemical process and manufacturing engineering > Process chemistry
Agrovoc terms:mechanical pulp, picea abies, energy consumption, efficiency
Keywords:Chip pre-treatment, double disc refiner, energy efficiency, Impressafiner, low dosage, Norway spruce, refining intensity, single disc refiner, sulphite pre-treatment, thermomechanical pulp
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-237
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-237
ID Code:8402
Department:(S) > Dept. of Forest Products
External funders:Holmen
Deposited By: Erik Nelsson
Deposited On:26 Oct 2011 13:53
Metadata Last Modified:02 Dec 2014 10:47

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