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Arctic charr farming

production of juveniles : a manual

Brännäs, Eva and Larsson, Stefan and Saether, Björn Steinar and Siikavuopio, Sten Ivar and Thorarensen, Helgi and Sigurgeirsson, Ólafur and Jeuthe, Henrik (2011). Arctic charr farming. Umeå: (S) > Dept. of Wildlife, Fish and Environmental Studies, Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet. Rapport / Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet, Institutionen för vilt, fisk och miljö ; 2011:10
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Abstract

The Arctic charr (Salvelinus alpinus L.) is a holarctic salmonid fish species with both landlocked and anadromous populations. In Scandinavia it is mainly found in the mountain area, but it also appears in deep and large lake further south, i.e. in the Alps. It is the northernmost freshwater fish and A. charr is generally regarded as the most cold-adapted freshwater fish. A. charr has been commercially farmed since the early 90ths and today, the total production is 3000, 2300 and 700 tonnes/year in Iceland, Sweden and Norway, respectively. Both in Sweden and Iceland, there are selective breeding programs in effect and the bulk of the farming production is conducted using offspring from the national breeding programs in each country. A. charr is renowned for its ability of high growth rate at low temperature and is therefore especially suitable for farming at high latitudes and altitudes. Moreover, due to the success of the breeding programs, the charr used in farms today grow faster and mature at a larger size and age than the original wild charr. Hence, although being a fairly small industry at present, A. charr farming is predicted to grow in all three countries.
This booklet summarises up-to-date knowledge on A. charr farming production cycle, from brood stock to juvenile on-growing stage (Fig. 1). It is intended to be useful for people taking their first steps in A. charr culture but also to serve as a farming manual for more experienced farm staff. Therefore, the booklet is divided in to two chapters. The first chapter (Arctic charr farming in practice) provides a straight forward introduction to each production step from brood stock to juveniles. The second chapter (theory and background) presents some details and research data on the background of specific farming practices and procedures.

Authors/Creators:Brännäs, Eva and Larsson, Stefan and Saether, Björn Steinar and Siikavuopio, Sten Ivar and Thorarensen, Helgi and Sigurgeirsson, Ólafur and Jeuthe, Henrik
Title:Arctic charr farming
Subtitle:production of juveniles : a manual
Series/Journal:Rapport / Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet, Institutionen för vilt, fisk och miljö (12093069)
Year of publishing :2011
Number:2011:10
Number of Pages:43
Place of Publication:Umeå
Publisher:Institutionen för vilt, fisk och miljö, Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet
Language:English
Publication Type:Report
Article category:Other scientific
Full Text Status:Public
Agris subject categories.:M Aquatic sciences and fisheries > M12 Aquaculture production
Subjects:Obsolete subject words > NATURAL SCIENCES
Obsolete subject words > NATURAL SCIENCES > Biology
Agrovoc terms:salvelinus alpinus, chars, fish farms, juvenils
Keywords:Arctic charr, juvenils, eggs, brood stock
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-282
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-282
ID Code:8468
Faculty:S - Faculty of Forest Sciences
Department:(S) > Dept. of Wildlife, Fish and Environmental Studies
Deposited By: Kristina Johansson
Deposited On:28 Nov 2011 09:05
Metadata Last Modified:11 Sep 2017 08:34

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