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Land acquisition for urban expansion

process and impacts on livelihoods of peri urban households, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

Msangi, Daniel Eliwaha (2011). Land acquisition for urban expansion. Uppsala : Sveriges lantbruksuniv. , Rapporter (Institutionen för stad och land, SLU), 1654-0565 ; 2011:2
ISBN 978-91-85735-22-8
[Licentiate thesis]

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Cities are growing in terms of economic activities, space and population thus over spilling in peri urban areas. Low population densities and land values have made the peri urban areas the target for land acquisition to accommodate planned expansion processes. In Tanzania, the Government initiated the 20,000 Plots Project in 2002 to among others,
address critical shortage of planned and surveyed plots in the city and check proliferation of informal settlements. The Project was implemented in 12 areas in the City of Dar es Salaam, one of them being Wazo-Mivumoni. This study explored the processes and impacts of land acquisition on the livelihoods of peri urban households. It also built an understanding of peri urban areas in the Tanzanian context and further contextualized peri urban livelihoods in Wazo-Mivumoni.

Data was collected through official, households and key informants interviews, likewise documentary review. An overarching understanding was drawn from the National Constitution (1977) that provides for the right of residents to own properties, the right to protection of their properties and payment of fair and adequate
compensation subject to lawfully acquisition.

Although the principal legislations for land acquisition recognize market values, government-regulated rates were instead used in Wazo-Mivumoni. The implementation process was characterized by lack of appreciation of the drivers of peri urban livelihoods, non-adherence to legal provisions and non-observarance of professional ethics. Further,
the laws were found to be insufficient to adequately respond to present social and economic conditions. The implementation of the project amidst these conditions resulted to loss of assets, disruption of social
networks and family ties. All these undermined household’s capacity to sustain livelihoods after project implementation. Among the strategies adopted to overcome these impacts include intensification and increased
innovation on farming and animal keeping; reliance on family support as well as reduction of family sizes. Despite the shortcomings, some positive gains including establishment of new economic activities (private schools, retail business and access to planned and surveyed
plots) were realized.

Residents participation and awareness creation during and after implementation is seen as paramount considerations for successful interventions. Others include establishment of a land cadastre to realise effective and efficient land administration system, establishment of a neutral body to verify valuation reports as well as provision of alternative plots as a measure to restore affected households to same condition as prior to acquisition.

Authors/Creators:Msangi, Daniel Eliwaha
Title:Land acquisition for urban expansion
Subtitle:process and impacts on livelihoods of peri urban households, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
Series Name/Journal:Rapporter (Institutionen för stad och land, SLU)
Year of publishing :2011
Place of Publication:Uppsala
Publisher:Institutionen för stad och land, Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet
ISBN for printed version:978-91-85735-22-8
Publication Type:Licentiate thesis
Full Text Status:Public
Agris subject categories.:E Economics, development, and rural sociology > E11 Land economics and policies
E Economics, development, and rural sociology > E14 Development economics and policies
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 405 Other Agricultural Sciences > Other Agricultural Sciences not elsewhere specified
Agrovoc terms:land transfers, expropriation, periurban areas, households, economic activities, living standards, urbanization, united republic of tanzania
Keywords:peri urban area, livelihoods, land acquisition, market value, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
Permanent URL:
ID Code:8537
Faculty:NL - Faculty of Natural Resources and Agricultural Sciences (until 2013)
Department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Urban and Rural Development
(LTJ, LTV) > Dept. of Urban and Rural Development
Deposited By: Dr Taeda Tomic
Deposited On:04 Jan 2012 14:00
Metadata Last Modified:02 Dec 2014 10:48

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