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Variation in common lime (Tilia x europaea L.) in Swedish gardens of the 17th and 18th centuries

Bengtsson, Rune (2005). Variation in common lime (Tilia x europaea L.) in Swedish gardens of the 17th and 18th centuries. Diss. (sammanfattning/summary) Alnarp : Sveriges lantbruksuniv., Acta Universitatis Agriculturae Sueciae, 1652-6880 ; 2005:64
ISBN 91-576-6963-5
[Doctoral thesis]

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Trees of common lime (Tilia x europaea L.) have been planted in Swedish gardens and urban landscapes since at least the beginning of the 17th century. This is in accordance with the situation in most other European countries. The trees were initially imported from the Netherlands but later domestic production was started. The domestic material was collectively known as ‘Dutch lime’ even when propagated in Sweden. To understand the variation in common lime in Swedish gardens, the methods of propagation in the 17th and 18th centuries were investigated using contemporary textbooks and other references. Propagation by layering was the most important method, while seed propagation was used during the second half of the 18th century. The lime material planted in Sweden during the 17th and 18th centuries was found to constitute a number of unnamed clones and one single seed strain, all of which are included in the concept ‘Dutch lime’. Based on the information obtained, a system of classification was developed which also covers more recent introductions of common limes. The extensive variation found within the taxon Tilia x europaea L. is divided into six clonal groups, one of which also contains a single seed strain planted in Swedish gardens before 1800. The classification system proved to be useful in practice as a tool for identification of different varieties of common lime. It was found that the different groups react differently to pruning practices, which is of significance when choosing methods for restoration of old lime tree plantings. A separate study was made of the oldest recorded planting of common lime in Sweden. By combining knowledge of lime biology and garden history in an interdisciplinary way, it was possible to chart and interpret the development of this particular single tree during its 381-year history at Malmvik Manor near Stockholm.

Authors/Creators:Bengtsson, Rune
Title:Variation in common lime (Tilia x europaea L.) in Swedish gardens of the 17th and 18th centuries
Series Name/Journal:Acta Universitatis Agriculturae Sueciae
Year of publishing :May 2005
Number of Pages:42
ALLI. Bengtsson, R. 2005. Propagation of trees of common lime (Tilia x europaea L.) planted in Swedish gardens in the 17th and 18th centuries. Submitted II. Bengtsson, R. 2005. Classification of cultivated common lime (Tilia x europaea L.). Submitted III. Bengtsson, R. 2005. Variation in common lime (Tilia x europaea L.) planted in Swedish gardens of the 17th and 18th centuries. Submitted IV. Bengtsson, R. 2005. The Malmvik lime – a historical and biological analysis of the oldest documented planting of common lime (Tilia x europaea L.) in Sweden. Accepted by Garden History Paper IV is reproduced by permission of the journal concerned
Place of Publication:Alnarp
ISBN for printed version:91-576-6963-5
Publication Type:Doctoral thesis
Full Text Status:Public
Agris subject categories.:F Plant production > F30 Plant genetics and breeding
B Geography and history > B50 History
Subjects:Not in use, please see Agris categories
Agrovoc terms:tilia, varieties, taxonomy, provenance, gardens, history, netherlands, sweden
Keywords:Tilia x europaea L., classification, clone, Dutch lime, garden history, propagation, pruning, seed strain
Permanent URL:
ID Code:860
Department:(LTJ, LTV) > Institutionen för landskaps- och trädgårdsteknik
Deposited On:19 May 2005 00:00
Metadata Last Modified:02 Dec 2014 10:07

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