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Agricultural land and landscapes

assessing the resource situation and developing an alternative system of agri-environmental payments – models with applications in Sweden

Hasund, Knut Per (2012). Agricultural land and landscapes. Diss. (sammanfattning/summary) Uppsala : Sveriges lantbruksuniv., Acta Universitatis agriculturae Sueciae, 1652-6880 ; 2012:21
ISBN 978-91-576-7657-3
[Doctoral thesis]

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Abstract

The agricultural land provision of private and public goods is studied by inter-disciplinary approaches on the supply from a resource economics perspective and on efficient policy measures from a welfare economic perspective. The socially optimal production of landscape public goods is derived theoretically by introducing the concept of quantitative hectares where measures of area and biodiversity etc. are integrated. Agri-Environmental Payments based on state Indicators (IAEPs) expressing the presence of public goods at the object level (field, landscape element) are developed and tested as an attempt to efficiently promote optimal supply in policy practice. A model of meta-criteria and criteria is developed, resulting in a coherent and complete set of seven composite indicators for Swedish conditions. Estimating the indicators in two study areas indicates large heterogeneity in the supply of public goods, and consequently that IAEPs would differ significantly across objects and accordingly from the present. The public good IAEPs turn out as giving a more efficient resource allocation, better dynamic incentives and lower transaction costs than the corresponding Swedish payments, but conflict with WTO-demands on cost-based payments and give large distributional effects.

A concept and measure of agricultural land resources is introduced, defining their size by their capacity to yield products in physical or economic terms. The physical resource measure "barley-equivalents" is developed and calculated by combining production functions with statistics from the 420 agricultural districts of Sweden. A further development is the concept of standard-hectares, making acreage comparisons possible amongst different grades of land. The economic measure of the resources is land rent, here calculated as the residual of revenues minus costs in crop production. Swedish arable resources measured by land rents are fairly heterogeneous, showing distinct regional patterns. The rent of Swedish arable land was nearly normally distributed around a mean of US$ 100 per ha (1983). The arable land resource situation is also illustrated by a new diagram that plots land rent against cumulative acreage. The model of Swedish arable resources is furthermore used to estimate the possible impacts of sub-soil compaction, urban exploitation, tropospheric ozone and other major resource influencing factors.

Authors/Creators:Hasund, Knut Per
Title:Agricultural land and landscapes
Subtitle:assessing the resource situation and developing an alternative system of agri-environmental payments – models with applications in Sweden
Series/Journal:Acta Universitatis agriculturae Sueciae (1652-6880)
Year of publishing :2012
Volume:2012:21
Number of Pages:41
Papers/manuscripts:
NumberReferences
I.Hasund, Knut Per (2011). Developing Environmental Policy Indicators by Criteria – Indicators on the Public Goods of the Swedish Agricultural Landscape. Journal of Environmental Planning and Management Vol. 54(1), 7–29.
II.Hasund, Knut Per (2012). Indicator-based agri-environmental payments: A payment-by-result model for public goods with a Swedish application. Land Use Policy 30 (2013) 223– 233
III.Hasund, Knut Per (1986). Jordbruksmarken i naturresursekonomiskt perspektiv. Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Economics, Report 269. Licentiate thesis. Uppsala.
Place of Publication:Uppsala
Publisher:Institutionen för ekonomi, Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet
ISBN for printed version:978-91-576-7657-3
ISSN:1652-6880
Language:English
Publication Type:Doctoral thesis
Full Text Status:Public
Agris subject categories.:E Economics, development, and rural sociology > E10 Agricultural economics and policies
E Economics, development, and rural sociology > E11 Land economics and policies
P Natural resources > P01 Nature conservation and land resources
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 5 Social Sciences > 502 Economics and Business > Economics
Agrovoc terms:farmland, multiple land use, ground rent, land economics, environmental economics, indicators, valuation, models, agricultural policies, environmental policies, sweden
Keywords:agricultural land, agri-environmental payments, criteria, environmental economics, indicators, land rent curve, land resources, policy evaluation, public goods, resource economics
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-472
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-472
ID Code:8812
Department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Economics
Deposited By: Knut Per / K.P. Hasund
Deposited On:07 May 2012 08:32
Metadata Last Modified:02 Dec 2014 10:50

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