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Inter-active and dynamic approaches on forest and land-use planning in Southern Africa

proceedings from a training workshop in Botswana, December 3-17 2001

Sandewall, Mats and Sollander, Erik, eds. (2002). Inter-active and dynamic approaches on forest and land-use planning in Southern Africa. Umeå: (S) > Dept. of Forest Resource Management
(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Forest Resource Management
, Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet. Arbetsrapport / Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet, Institutionen för skoglig resurshushållning och geomatik ; 97
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Abstract

This document summarises the outcome of a regional training workshop, "Interactive and
dynamic approaches on forest and land use planning in Southern Africa".
It
was organised
in December 2001 by the government of Botswana in cooperation with organisations in
Zimbabwe and South Africa and with Swedish financial and technical support.
The workshop aimed at exposing the participants to new cross sector approaches on
strategic forest and land use planning, including the Area Production Model (APM) and
concept, and to provide a platform for possible future development work in this field.
It
concerned such issues as the role of planning in relation to policies and local development,
information and data needs in planning, the use of scenario modelling in land use planning,
how to narrow the gap between "planning from above" and "planning from below", and the
roles and interaction of different stakeholders in the planning process.
The workshop had been proposed by the participating countries following an international
training programme on policy and strategy development in Sweden. The 18 participants
from three countries included central and local government staff concerned with forest and
land use planning at the national and sub-national level, researchers and NGOs. The
workshop consisted of two weeks of lectures, seminars and field based case studies and a
concluding seminar, in which the participants presented their experiences and conclusions
about the APM concept to a broader group of decision makers.
Some of the main conclusions drawn by the participants were that the APM was a useful
tool for promoting dynamic and multi-sector planning. At the same time the Model has a
number of technical shortcomings that needs to be addressed. Those shortcomings were
identified and discussed throughout the workshop. The need to keep the model simple and
transparent was acknowledged. It was proposed that "homes" should be identified for the
model in each country. Those homes should build up and maintain capacity to develop and
adapt the model to the local conditions and priorities.
INTRODUCTION.
The workshop "Interactive and dynamic approaches on forest and land-use planning in Southern
Africa" was arranged in Botswana in December 2001. It aimed at exposing the participants to new
cross sector approaches on strategic forest and land use planning, including the Area Production
Model (APM), and to provide a platform for possible future development work in this field. The
workshop was the concluding step of a process that had been running for several years. It provides
important lessons on approaches to cross-sectoral land use planning in Southern Africa.
The process started in 1998, when there were several participants from Botswana, South Africa and
Zimbabwe in an annual international course "Development of National Forest Policies and Strategies",
organised by the Swedish National Board of Forestry and funded by Sida. Those participants strongly
suggested that the Area Production Model, (APM), which had been demonstrated during the course,
might be highly relevant in Southern Africa.
As a response, the Country Capacity Building (CCB) project (a Sida funded project aiming at forest
policy issues), set up a training programme in discussions with the three countries. As a first step, key
personnel from the forest authorities in Botswana, South Africa and Zimbabwe, underwent a post­
graduate course at the Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU) in Umea, Sweden. The
course took place in March 2000 and was focused on the ideas and applications of the APM.
In a second step, a workshop designated for a wider audience, including governmental as well as non­
governmental organisations, was planned for mid 2000. The workshop was originally intended to be a
two-phase arrangement. The first phase to be arranged in Zimbabwe, focusing on model theory with
only limited field work, and a second phase, were the participants would split up and work a realistic
case in a designated study area in each of the three countries involved.
Unfortunately, the political situation in Zimbabwe during spring 2000 made it necessary to postpone
the workshop. About a year later, in spring 2001, it was agreed among the interested countries to move
it to another country in the Region, after the Ministry of Agriculture, Botswana, had generously
accepted to host the workshop. The two-phase design of the workshop was by now reduced to a single
event, with the joint study-area around Serowe in the eastern part of Botswana.
The APM is a simulation model developed by Professor Nils-Erik Nilsson in co-operation with FAO.
The Model, including an application concept, has been further developed by the Swedish University of
Agricultural Sciences (SLU), Department of Forest Resource Management and Geomatics. The
Swedish team of resource persons in the Botswana workshop have all been instrumental in the
previous development work of the Model. The APM has been field tested on numerous occasions in
South and Southeast Asia.
This workshop, however, is the first occasion the model is used in Southern Africa. In spite of the
simplicity and flexibility that characterises the model, the new setting was considered a major
challenge when planning the workshop. The workshop results have given new and partly unexpected
results in terms of both usefulness and applicability of the model.
The Country Capacity Building project focuses on forest policy development. In modem terminology,
nfp (national forest programmes) is a highly relevant term. Key strategies include support to demand
driven processes, investment in human knowledge and, not least, a belief that personal commitment is
as important for success as political commitments.
On behalf of the organisers, I would like to thank the Ministry of Agriculture, Botswana, and the key­
persons from Botswana, South Africa and Zimbabwe. Without their commitment and enthusiasm, the
positive outcome of the workshop would not have been possible.

Editors:Sandewall, Mats and Sollander, Erik
Title:Inter-active and dynamic approaches on forest and land-use planning in Southern Africa
Subtitle:proceedings from a training workshop in Botswana, December 3-17 2001
Alternative abstract:
LanguageAbstract
EnglishUNSPECIFIED
Series/Journal:Arbetsrapport / Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet, Institutionen för skoglig resurshushållning och geomatik (1401-1204)
Year of publishing :2002
Number:97
Number of Pages:159
Place of Publication:Umeå
Publisher:Institutionen för skoglig resurshushållning, Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet
ISSN:1401-1204
Language:English
Publication Type:Report
Full Text Status:Public
Agris subject categories.:E Economics, development, and rural sociology > E14 Development economics and policies
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 401 Agricultural, Forestry and Fisheries > Forest Science
Agrovoc terms:forest land, land use, planning, development policies, simulation models, southern Africa
Keywords:forest land, land use, planning, development policies
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-522
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-522
ID Code:8854
Department:(S) > Dept. of Forest Resource Management
(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Forest Resource Management
Deposited By: Bo Jonsson
Deposited On:24 May 2012 10:48
Metadata Last Modified:02 Dec 2014 10:50

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