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Yard differences in training, management and orthopedic injury in showjumping, riding school, and thoroughbred race horses

Lönnell, Cecilia (2012). Yard differences in training, management and orthopedic injury in showjumping, riding school, and thoroughbred race horses. Diss. (sammanfattning/summary) Uppsala : Sveriges lantbruksuniv., ; 2012:27
ISBN 978-91-576-7663-4
[Doctoral thesis]

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Abstract

Musculoskeletal injuries are a major cause of wastage in Thoroughbred racing and equestrian sport. Epidemiological studies in racehorses have demonstrated that risk of
injury vary between trainers and with differences in training regimens, but few havestudied such between-yard differences in riding horses.
The aim of the thesis was to quantify and compare training regimes, management and measures of injury in racehorses, riding school horses and showjumping horses at herd level, and measure the effect of different training regimens on skeletal adaptation in two-year-old racehorses with bone biomarkers.
Analysing data from an animal insurance database, rates of locomotor problems varied substantially among 136 riding schools. A field study of 19 riding schools with
high or low utilization of insurance (HUIO/LUIO) for orthopedic injuries demonstrated differences in management strategies and influence on injury rate and longevity.
Experienced managers, highly qualified chief instructors and gradual introduction to riding school work for new horses protected against orthopedic injury.
Showjumping and racehorse training was analysed longitudinally. Ten racehorse trainers in the UK with 194 horses participated. The total number of training days
(DAR) was 43,373. Data analysed in the showjumping study were delivered by 31 riders with 263 horses, in four European countries (39,262 DAR). Both showjumping
riders and racehorse trainers varied in volume and components of daily training. The mean daily training in the showjumping yards was between 19 and 49 min per DAR.
The mean percentages of days lost to training were 23 and 5 in the racehorses and showjumpers respectively. In Thoroughbred racehorses bone biomarker patterns varied
between yards, indicating differences in skeletal response.
Conclusions from the thesis support previous results showing orthopedic injury to be a main reason for wastage in horses, and that risk of injury, training regimens and
management varies between yards. As analysis of training factors and injury is a new field of study in riding horses, further studies are required to expand the understandingof the multifactorial causes of orthopedic conditions. However, based on results from the thesis and other studies, certain aspects with the potential to influence soundness should be considered by trainers, riders and coaches. This includes a gradual progression of training to allow adaptation to increased loads, training components that improve fitness and prepare for the load required in competition and races, andvariation, both of training activities and training load, i.e. periodization.

Authors/Creators:Lönnell, Cecilia
Title:Yard differences in training, management and orthopedic injury in showjumping, riding school, and thoroughbred race horses
Series/Journal:Acta Universitatis agriculturae Sueciae
Year of publishing :2012
Volume:2012:27
Number of Pages:77
Papers/manuscripts:
NumberReferences
I.Lönnell C, Jackson B, Price J (manuscript). The influence of training on bone cell activity in two-year-old racehorses: a field study.
II.Egenvall A, Lönnell C, Roepstorff L (2009). Analysis of morbidity and mortality data in riding school horses, with special regard to locomotor problems. Preventive Veterinary Medicine 88, 193-204.
III.Lönnell C, Roepstorff L, Egenvall A (2011). Variation in equine management factors between riding schools with previous high versus low insurance utilisation for orthopedic injury – a field study. The Veterinary Journal (in press, electronically published), X-Y.
IV.Lönnell C, Roepstorff L, Hernlund E, Nostell K, Bröjer J, Weishaupt M, Bitschnau C, Murray R, Tranquille C, van Weeren R, Montavon S., Oomen A, Egenvall A (manuscript) Training strategies in professional showjumping yards.
Place of Publication:Uppsala
Publisher:Institutionen för kliniska vetenskaper, Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet
Associated Programs and Other Stakeholders:SLU - Research Areas for the Future > Future Animal Health and Welfare
ISBN for printed version:978-91-576-7663-4
ISSN:1652-6880
Language:English
Additional Information:Två ändringar behöver noteras: (1) Ett "s" borttaget i bildtexten till omslagsbilden (stod "trained horses", ska vara "horse"; (2) Modifierad version av diagram om träning av hopphästar.
Publication Type:Doctoral thesis
Full Text Status:Public
Agris subject categories.:L Animal production > L70 Veterinary science and hygiene - General aspects
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 403 Veterinary Science > Clinical Science
Agrovoc terms:horses, epidemiology, injurious factors, environmental impact, orthopaedics, animal training
Keywords:equine, epidemiology, injury, insurance, orthopedic, ridingschool, showjumping, Thoroughbred, training, warmblood
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-501
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-501
ID Code:8895
Faculty:VH - Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science
Department:(VH) > Dept. of Clinical Sciences
Deposited By: Lotta Jäderlund
Deposited On:21 May 2012 10:04
Metadata Last Modified:02 Dec 2014 10:51

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