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EIA practice

examples of cumulative effects and final disposal of spent nuclear fuel

Wärnbäck, Antoienette (2012). EIA practice. Diss. (sammanfattning/summary) Uppsala : Sveriges lantbruksuniv., Acta Universitatis agriculturae Sueciae, 1652-6880 ; 2012:38
ISBN 978-91-576-7674-0
[Doctoral thesis]

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Abstract

This thesis is about Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) practice in Sweden.
Impact Assessment (IA) is expected to play a crucial role in enabling democratic and
enlightened decision making. EIA practice seems however not to be in accordance with
best IA practice norms and legislation in many countries. We therefore need a more
thorough understanding of IA practice and its outcomes and about what is gained
through EIA and thus also be able to suggest, on a more profound basis, how the
practice can be improved.

This thesis presents an analysis of the two cases EIA practice on cumulative effects
and the final disposal for spent nuclear fuel. The methods and approaches used are
qualitatively and include literature review, document analysis, individual interviews
and focus group interviews. The results were analysed using social psychology theory
and community of practice theory.

The case of cumulative effects clearly demonstrated that a positive attitude towards
including cumulative effects was in place, but the conditions to change the knowledge
base were not. In the investigated case for a final disposal for spent nuclear fuel it was
revealed that a shared practice and social learning over time might result in difficulties
for the authority in mapping out a clear role and identity for itself in relation to the
proponent. It also showed that the shared practice that has developed between the
industry, and the competent authorities, has over time resulted in the adoption of a
shared understanding and similar perspectives, concerning at least two points. The first
concerns downgrading the need to more thoroughly investigate alternate technical
methods to the main alternative, while the second concerns the need to avoid delays in
the planning process. Communication and the shared practice that has developed over a
long period of time, can have a significant and not necessarily positive impact on power
relations and thus hamper knowledge production, diffusion of roles and identities.

Authors/Creators:Wärnbäck, Antoienette
Title:EIA practice
Subtitle:examples of cumulative effects and final disposal of spent nuclear fuel
Series/Journal:Acta Universitatis agriculturae Sueciae (1652-6880)
Year of publishing :May 2012
Volume:2012:38
Number of Pages:79
Papers/manuscripts:
NumberReferences
I.Wärnbäck, A. (2006) Lack of incitement in the Swedish EIA/SEA process to include cumulative effects. In Emmelin, L (ed): Effective Environmental Assessment Tools - Critical Reflections on Concepts and Practice. Karlskrona.
II.Wärnbäck, A. and Hilding-Rydevik, T. (2009). Cumulative effects in Swedish EIA practice — difficulties and obstacles. Environmental Impact Assessment Review 29(2), 107-115.
III.Hilding-Rydevik, H. and Wärnbäck, A. (2012). Learning through social participation in long planning and Environmental Impact Assessment processes - the case of final disposal of spent nuclear fuel in Sweden. Submitted to Environmental Impact Assessment Review in May, 2012.
IV.Wärnbäck, A., Hilding-Rydevik, H. and Soneryd, L. (2012). Shared practice and clear roles in nuclear waste management? Long-term relations between industry and government authorities: The case of Sweden. Resubmitted to Environmental and Planning A in May, 2012.
Place of Publication:Uppsala
Publisher:Dept. of Urban and Rural Development, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
Associated Programs and Other Stakeholders:SLU - Research Areas for the Future > Future Urban Sustainable Environment (FUSE)
ISBN for printed version:978-91-576-7674-0
ISSN:1652-6880
Language:English
Publication Type:Doctoral thesis
Full Text Status:Public
Agris subject categories.:X Agricola extesions > X80 Social sciences, humanities and education
Subjects:Obsolete subject words > SOCIAL SCIENCES
Obsolete subject words > SOCIAL SCIENCES > Other social sciences
Agrovoc terms:environmental impact assessment, decision making, nuclear energy, waste management, sweden
Keywords:EIA practice, cumulative effects, final disposal of spent nuclear waste, communities of practice, social learning, social psychology, interviews, document analysis
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-526
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-526
ID Code:8899
Department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Urban and Rural Development
(LTJ, LTV) > Dept. of Urban and Rural Development
External funders:FORMAS and Swedish Environmental Protection Agency
Deposited By: fil.lic Antoienette Wärnbäck
Deposited On:25 May 2012 11:44
Metadata Last Modified:02 Dec 2014 10:51

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