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What is traditional pastoral farming?

the politics of heritage and ‘real values’ in Swedish summer farms (fäbodbruk)

Eriksson, Camilla (2011). What is traditional pastoral farming? Pastoralism: Research, Policy and Practice. 1:25 , 1-18
[Research article]

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/2041-7136-1-25


The number of pastoralists maintaining production systems with small numbers of traditional breeds of cattle decreased dramatically with the modernisation and industrialisation of agriculture in Europe during the twentieth century. While these pastoral systems were not compatible with agricultural industrialisation policies, they provide a far better match to current European Union (EU) policy with its emphasis on high nature values and various cultural heritage protection measures. Today, these farms can obtain EU funding for preserving natural and/or cultural heritage values rather than producing agricultural goods. Although such EU subsidies make a welcome contribution to the livelihood of traditional farmers, the critical definitions that have to be made regarding what is considered traditional or non-traditional can be problematic. This paper provides an example from Swedish fäbodbruk, a smallholder system of forest pasturing with traditional breeds of cattle, goats and sheep in northern Sweden. As policymaking and agricultural subsidies during the twentieth century reflected the contemporary political agenda of that time, farmers have been subjected to many changes in priority in political decision making. The contemporary push for traditional farming and heritage has made policymaking potentially even more difficult, e.g. as regards the question of what should be considered traditional and what makes up natural and cultural heritage. This paper examines how farmers are affected by valuations and assessments made by the relevant authorities on whether they are producing natural and/or cultural heritage.

Authors/Creators:Eriksson, Camilla
Title:What is traditional pastoral farming?
Subtitle:the politics of heritage and ‘real values’ in Swedish summer farms (fäbodbruk)
Series Name/Journal:Pastoralism: Research, Policy and Practice
Year of publishing :1 September 2011
Page range:1-18
Additional Information:Cite this article as: Eriksson: What is traditional pastoral farming? The politics of heritage and ‘real values’ in Swedish summer farms (fäbodbruk). Pastoralism: Research, Policy and Practice 2011 1:25.
Publication Type:Research article
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Full Text Status:Public
Agris subject categories.:B Geography and history > B10 Geography
E Economics, development, and rural sociology > E20 Organization, administration and management of agricultural enterprises or farms
Subjects:Obsolete subject words > SOCIAL SCIENCES > Social sciences > Social anthropology/ethnography
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 5 Social Sciences > 507 Social and Economic Geography > Human Geography
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 5 Social Sciences > 509 Other Social Sciences > Social Sciences Interdisciplinary (Peace and Conflict Research and Studies on Sustainable Society)
Obsolete subject words > SOCIAL SCIENCES > Other social sciences > Public sector research
Keywords:CAP, natural heritage, cultural heritage, traditional farming, traditional breeds
Permanent URL:
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
ID Code:8951
Department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Urban and Rural Development
(LTJ, LTV) > Dept. of Urban and Rural Development
Deposited By: Camilla Eriksson
Deposited On:17 Jul 2012 06:53
Metadata Last Modified:02 Dec 2014 10:51

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