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Energy status related to production and reproduction in dairy cows

prevention of decreased fertility and detection of cows at risk

Lomander, Hanna (2012). Energy status related to production and reproduction in dairy cows. Diss. (sammanfattning/summary) Skara : Sveriges lantbruksuniv., Acta Universitatis agriculturae Sueciae, 1652-6880 ; 2012:73
ISBN 978-91-576-7720-4
[Doctoral thesis]

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Abstract

Decreased fertility in dairy cows is widespread and economically undesirable. Current management strategies to prevent decreased fertility are exploiting the close relationship between negative energy balance in transition cows and subsequent decreased fertility. However, there is a continuous need for more information regarding the effects of different strategies on fertility. This thesis evaluated the effect of supplemental feeding with glycerol or propylene glycol, the usefulness of measuring metabolic indicators in blood samples to predict decreased fertility and investigated potential risk factors. In two field studies, the metabolic status, milk yield and fertility of cows in 17 herds, fed either a glycerol or propylene glycol supplement or no supplement (control) 0-21 days after calving, were evaluated. A separate study evaluated the accuracy of metabolic indicators when used to predict decreased fertility. The results were based on a single blood sample taken in early lactation and different test cut-off values were applied. Finally, potential risk factors for decreased fertility related to housing, feeding and the cow herself, were evaluated in approximately 750 Swedish herds.

Cows fed glycerol produced significantly 1 kg more milk during the first 90 days in milk and cows fed propylene glycol tended to produce more milk without a subsequent decrease in metabolic status or fertility. The test performance of the metabolic indicators was in general low and was influenced by cow parity, cow breed and the prevalence of decreased fertility in the population studied. Cows experiencing a change in system (e.g. in housing or milking system or from conventional to organic production) had lower fertility than cows not experiencing such a change. In addition, cows with severe claw lesions and cows displaying a rise in somatic cell counts had a lower probability of pregnancy at first insemination.

In conclusion, supplemental feeding with glycerol or propylene glycol, as a general strategy in a herd, does not seem to influence fertility or energy status and could increase milk yield. Measures to prevent a decrease in fertility could be more effective if applied to cows in physiological imbalance, rather than all cows in a herd. However, the use of metabolic indicators in a single blood sample may not be optimal for detecting cows at risk. The identified risk factors for decreased fertility could be used when devising preventive strategies.

Authors/Creators:Lomander, Hanna
Title:Energy status related to production and reproduction in dairy cows
Subtitle:prevention of decreased fertility and detection of cows at risk
Series/Journal:Acta Universitatis agriculturae Sueciae (1652-6880)
Year of publishing :2012
Volume:2012:73
Number of Pages:79
Papers/manuscripts:
NumberReferences
I.Lomander H, Frössling J, Ingvartsen K L, Gustafsson H, & Svensson C (2012). Supplemental feeding with glycerol or propylene glycol of dairy cows in early lactation- Effects on metabolic status, body condition and milk yield. Journal of Dairy Science (95), 2397 - 2408.
II.Lomander H, Gustafsson H, Frössling J, Ingvartsen K L, Larsen T & Svensson C (2012). Effect of supplemental feeding with glycerol or propylene glycol in early lactation on the fertility of Swedish dairy cows. Reproduction in Domestic Animals. DOI:10.1111/j.1439- 0531.2012.02004.x
III.Lomander H, Gustafsson H, Svensson C, Ingvartsen K L & Frössling J (2012). Test accuracy of metabolic indicators in predicting decreased fertility. Accepted for publication in Journal of Diary Science. DOI:10.3168/jds.2012-5534.
IV.Lomander H, Svensson C, Hallén-Sandgren C, H. Gustafsson & Frössling J (2012). Associations between decreased fertility and management factors, claw health and somatic cell count in Swedish dairy cows (Manuscript).
Place of Publication:Skara
Publisher:Inst. för husdjurens miljö och hälsa, Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet
ISBN for printed version:978-91-576-7720-4
ISSN:1652-6880
Language:English
Publication Type:Doctoral thesis
Full Text Status:Public
Agris subject categories.:L Animal production > L51 Animal physiology - Nutrition
L Animal production > L53 Animal physiology - Reproduction
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 402 Animal and Dairy Science > Animal and Dairy Science.
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 403 Veterinary Science > Clinical Science
Agrovoc terms:dairy cows, energy balance, fertility, reproductive performance, animal health, animal feeding, supplemental feeding, propylene glycol, glycerol, metabolism, risk factors
Keywords:dairy cow, glycerol, propylene glycol, fertility, negative energy balance, metabolic indicators, risk factor, field study, test accuracy
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-617
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-617
ID Code:9048
Department:(VH) > Dept. of Animal Environment and Health
Deposited By: Hanna Lomander
Deposited On:18 Sep 2012 14:13
Metadata Last Modified:02 Dec 2014 10:51

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