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Participatory forest planning and multiple criteria decision analysis (MCDA)

Nordström, Eva-Maria and Eriksson, Ljusk Ola (2007). Participatory forest planning and multiple criteria decision analysis (MCDA). Umeå: (S) > Dept. of Forest Resource Management
(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Forest Resource Management
, Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet. Arbetsrapport / Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet, Institutionen för skoglig resurshushållning och geomatik ; 198

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With the industrial revolution, the human utilization of the forest took a new turn as
wood became a commercial product (Östlund & Zackrisson 2000). Since then,
economical considerations have pervaded the public perspective on forest and
forestry. However, the awareness of the need for sustainability in the use of the forest
resource has also grown, and during the last decades other values have entered the
discussion and the practice of forestry. Today, sustainable forest management (SFM)
where economical, ecological and social values are all satisfied, is a core element in
the development of acceptable forest management practices.
Public participation is strongly related to SFM. In some industrialized countries, e.g.
Canada, demands for participation in natural resource management have subsequently
been incorporated into the legislation (Chambers and Beckley 2003), but in most
countries there is no legal demand for participation. In Sweden for example, the only
demand for participation in the Forestry Act is consultation before clear cutting in
certain areas of reindeer herding. Forest certification, which is now covering
extensive areas in several countries, plays an interesting role in the promotion of
SFM. However, its main purpose is not public participation and the integration of
social values into forestry (Angelstam et al. 2004). Internationally, there is the Aarhus
Convention on Access to Information, Public Participation in Decision Making and
Access to Justice in Environmental Matters. This convention has been ratified by
Sweden amongst other countries, but it is difficult to make a strict interpretation of it.
New approaches and methods are obviously needed in forest management planning to
incorporate forest values other than timber production and to help solve conflicts of
interest. There have been some attempts made by different types of projects. The
Canadian Model Forest concept promotes participation in the work for SFM, and has
been tried out in Sweden in the Vilhelmina Model Forest project (Svensson et al.
2004). Some of the LIFE projects sponsored by the European Union are also
applications of participation with SFM as the objective; the project “Local
Participation in Sustainable Forest Management based on Landscape Analysis” is a
Swedish example of a LIFE project sponsored by the European Union
(http://www.svo.se/minskog/templates/svo_se_vanlig.asp?id=8001, 2007-01-12).
A potentially powerful tool in the work for sustainable forest management
(SFM) and participation is multiple criteria decision analysis (MCDA), an
approach which can make it possible to handle complex decision situations
involving conflicting interests and several stakeholders.
The purpose of this paper is to clarify concepts related to participation and
present methods that are applicable in participatory planning. More specifically
the following questions will be dealt with:

• What is meant by participation? What methods and techniques are
available to participatory planning processes?
• What is MCDA and what phases do this approach require?

In order to illuminate the state of art of participatory planning in forestry, an
analysis of a number of case studies is presented.

Authors/Creators:Nordström, Eva-Maria and Eriksson, Ljusk Ola
Title:Participatory forest planning and multiple criteria decision analysis (MCDA)
Series Name/Journal:Arbetsrapport / Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet, Institutionen för skoglig resurshushållning och geomatik
Year of publishing :2007
Number of Pages:14
Place of Publication:Umeå
Publisher:Instutionen för skoglig resurshushållning, Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet
Publication Type:Report
Full Text Status:Public
Agris subject categories.:K Forestry > K10 Forestry production
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 401 Agricultural, Forestry and Fisheries > Forest Science
Agrovoc terms:forest management, planning, decision making, participation
Keywords:Forest Planning, MCDA
Permanent URL:
ID Code:9157
Department:(S) > Dept. of Forest Resource Management
(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Forest Resource Management
Deposited By: Bo Jonsson
Deposited On:23 Oct 2012 13:31
Metadata Last Modified:06 Nov 2014 08:20

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