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Measurements of trackways as a method for assessing locomotion in dairy cows

Telezhenko, Evgenij (2005). Measurements of trackways as a method for assessing locomotion in dairy cows. Skara : Sveriges lantbruksuniv. ; 2005:2
ISBN 91-576-6852-3
[Licentiate thesis]

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Abstract

The aim of this study was to assess whether locomotion parameters obtained by measurements of cow trackways are reliable and sufficiently sensitive to describe locomotion in non-lame and lame dairy cows on different floors. Thirty-two non-lame cows were used to study the reliability of the trackway measurements. The cows were tested twice over three weeks and measurements from four consecutive strides were used during each test session. To study the effect of different floors on locomotion, 25 non-lame cows and eleven cows with different lameness degrees were tested on five different surfaces: solid and slatted concrete, both with and without 20 mm thick elastic rubber mats, and wet, compacted sand. The reliability of the measurements varied from moderate to low, with measurements relating to inter-limb coordination being most inconsistent. The slippery slatted concrete floor caused restricted locomotion in so far as the strides were significantly shorter here than on all the other floors. Use of yielding rubber mats resulted in a locomotion more similar to that on the sand path. Lameness had an effect on shortening strides and steps, but in most cases the animals’ reaction to different floorings was similar in lame and healthy cows. Step asymmetry due to lameness was decreased when cows walked on the soft surfaces. It was concluded that a trackway measurement system is a suitable method to use in field locomotion studies and that the system is useful in identifying differences in kinematics on different floor types. Since there is a relatively high inconsistency in cow walking it is beneficial to use measurements of several strides to obtain a representative gait pattern.

Authors/Creators:Telezhenko, Evgenij
Title:Measurements of trackways as a method for assessing locomotion in dairy cows
Year of publishing :September 2005
Volume:2005:2
Number of Pages:32
Papers/manuscripts:
NumberReferences
ALLI. Telezhenko, E. Measurement of spatial gait parameters from footprints of dairy cows. (Manuscript) II. Telezhenko, E. & Bergsten, C. 2005. Influence of floor type on the locomotion of dairy cows. Applied Animal Behaviour Science, (in press).
Place of Publication:Skara
ISBN for printed version:91-576-6852-3
ISSN:1652-750X
Language:English
Publication Type:Licentiate thesis
Full Text Status:Public
Agris subject categories.:L Animal production > L01 Animal husbandry
Subjects:Not in use, please see Agris categories
Agrovoc terms:dairy cows, locomotion, kinematics, floors, floor husbandry, animal health, measurement, methods
Keywords:locomotion, dairy cows, gait analysis, floor, concrete, rubber, kinematics
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-740
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-740
ID Code:926
Department:(VH) > Dept. of Animal Environment and Health
Deposited By: Evgenij Telezhenko
Deposited On:16 Sep 2005 00:00
Metadata Last Modified:02 Dec 2014 10:08

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