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Cost effective nutrient abatement in the Baltic Sea

analyzing impacts of climate change and technological development

Lindqvist, Martin (2013). Cost effective nutrient abatement in the Baltic Sea. Uppsala : Sveriges lantbruksuniv.
ISBN 978-91-576-9118-7
[Licentiate thesis]

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Abstract

The overall aim of this thesis is to increase the understanding of cost-effective nutrient abatement in the Baltic Sea. This is done under various assumptions about the underlying abatement measures available to the social planner, future changes in nutrient outflow caused by climate change as well as the impact of technical change on the cost of abatement. The thesis consists of three papers, which examines different aspects of cost effective nutrient abatement in the Baltic Sea. Paper I analyses the value of introducing mussel farming as an abatement measure for reduction of nutrients in the Baltic Sea. We aim at determining the value of mussel farming as an abatement measure taking alternative abatement measures, spatial scale and different nutrient load targets into consideration. The result show that calculated marginal cost by mussel farm can be considerably lower than that of other abatement measures, but also relatively high depending on mussel growth, sales options and formulation of nutrient load targets. Paper II examines the impact of climate change, structural changes in the agricultural sector and demographic development on the cost of fulfilling the nutrient abatement targets in the 2007 Baltic Sea Action Plan (BSAP). In paper II we apply a dynamic discrete model of control costs, which also takes the dynamics of nutrients in each marine basin into consideration. The results show that the main drivers of future nutrient loads work in different directions and that climate change may counter some of the increases in costs brought by structural change in the agricultural sector. The aim of paper III is to show the impact of learning-by-doing induced technical change on the costs of nutrient abatement in the Baltic Sea. Learning-by-doing is modeled in a reduced form through the abatement cost function. In this setting increased abatement leads to increased experience, which reduce the cost of abatement. The results show that learning-by-doing induced technical change can decrease costs substantially depending on learning rate.

Authors/Creators:Lindqvist, Martin
Title:Cost effective nutrient abatement in the Baltic Sea
Subtitle:analyzing impacts of climate change and technological development
Year of publishing :29 January 2013
Number of Pages:23
Papers/manuscripts:
NumberReferences
I.Gren, I-M., Lindahl, O., Lindqvist, M., Values of mussel farming for combating eutrophication: An application to the Baltic Sea. Ecological Engineering 2009; 35: 935-945.
II.Lindqvist, M., Gren, I-M., Elofsson, K., A study of climate change and cost effective mitigation of the Baltic Sea eutrophication. Forthcoming in Climate Change / Book 2 edited by Prof. Netra Chhetri, Arizona State University, USA. 2012. ISBN 980-953-307-389-2 (in press).
III.Lindqvist, M., Gren, I-M., Cost effective nutrient abatement under learning-by-doing induced technical change. 2012 (Manuscript)
Place of Publication:Uppsala
Publisher:Dept. of Economics, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
ISBN for printed version:978-91-576-9118-7
Language:English
Publication Type:Licentiate thesis
Full Text Status:Public
Agris subject categories.:T Pollution > T01 Pollution
X Agricola extesions > X70 Economics and management
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 5 Social Sciences > 502 Economics and Business > Economics
Agrovoc terms:sea pollution, pollution control, nitrogen, phosphorus, eutrophication, mussels, mollusc culture, climatic change, technological changes, cost analysis, efficiency, models, baltic sea
Keywords:Cost effective, Nitrogen, Phosphorous, Nutrients, Abatement cost, Climate change, Learning by doing, Baltic Sea, Mussels, Dynamic programming
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-846
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-e-846
ID Code:9398
Department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Economics
Deposited By: Martin Lindqvist
Deposited On:30 Jan 2013 06:42
Metadata Last Modified:02 Dec 2014 10:54

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