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Kor och människor

nötkreatursskötsel och besättningsstorlekar på torp och herrgårdar 1850-1914

Israelsson, Carin (2005). Kor och människor. Diss. (sammanfattning/summary) Uppsala : Sveriges lantbruksuniv., Acta Universitatis agriculturae Sueciae, 1652-6880 ; 2005:102
ISBN 91-576-6901-5
[Doctoral thesis]

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Abstract

As the urbanisation of Sweden increased during the second half of the 19th century, the dairy market and cattle husbandry developed. The animals were better fed and housed, and the number of cows, mean milk yields and cash income rose. Did the Swedish cattle husbandry as a whole had the prerequisites to be part of this process, or were some herds excluded? For the investigation, herd sizes and cattle owners in two hundreds were examined. Moreover, the detailed cattle husbandry in practice was studied. A polarising method was used, as well as sources from varying disciplines. A widespread small-scale cattle husbandry was highlighted. Herds with one or two cows dominated, owned by people belonging to the lower socio-economic layers. It was also demonstrated that small herds were deliberately hidden, registered within herds at large farms and estates. The small herds represented an evident self-subsistence system, characterised by material shortages, which in the study was polarised versus a market-oriented system that was based on better conditions. Studies of the detailed cattle husbandry in practice revealed harsh malnutrition among cattle in the self subsistence-system. Consequently, feeding was a decisive factor, which prevented many herds from market production. Notwithstanding extensive differences between the two systems, similarities were also found, chiefly regarding hard, time-consuming work and a general female responsibility for the care of the animals. In the thesis, the parallel occurrence of two systems for cattle husbandry in the local Swedish countryside during the period 1850-1914 is stressed. The self subsistence system offered the lower socioeconomic layers a straw to cling to in times of societal changes while the market oriented system was a springboard for development of individual farms and estates, as well as for the Swedish economy in a wider perspective.

Authors/Creators:Israelsson, Carin
Title:Kor och människor
Subtitle:nötkreatursskötsel och besättningsstorlekar på torp och herrgårdar 1850-1914
Year of publishing :October 2005
Volume:2005:102
Number of Pages:309
Place of Publication:Uppsala
ISBN for printed version:91-576-6901-5
ISSN:1652-6880
Language:Swedish
Publication Type:Doctoral thesis
Full Text Status:Public
Agris subject categories.:B Geography and history > B50 History
L Animal production > L01 Animal husbandry
Subjects:Not in use, please see Agris categories
Agrovoc terms:dairy cattle, milk production, animal feeding, malnutrition, history, sweden
Keywords:cattle history, ethnological questionnaires, probate inventories, herd size, milk yield, byre, female responsibility, compensatory growth, feeding, malnutrition.
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-751
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-751
ID Code:941
Department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Economics
Deposited By: Carin Israelsson
Deposited On:04 Oct 2005 00:00
Metadata Last Modified:02 Dec 2014 10:08

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