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Organic inputs from agroforestry trees on farms for improving soil quality and crop productivity in Ethiopia

Teklay, Tesfay (2005). Organic inputs from agroforestry trees on farms for improving soil quality and crop productivity in Ethiopia. Diss. (sammanfattning/summary) Umeå : Sveriges lantbruksuniv., Acta Universitatis agriculturae Sueciae, 1652-6880 ; 2005:122
ISBN 91-576-6921-X
[Doctoral thesis]

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Abstract

Indigenous agroforestry trees and shrubs on farmlands are an under-utilized resource that can be used as green manures (GM) to alleviate declining soil fertility and productivity. The aims of studies described in this thesis were to investigate: (1) the seasonal dynamics in chemical contents of foliage from selected tree species potentially available as sources of GM, (2) rates and patterns of mineralization of nutrients during decomposition of leaves, (3) nutrient limitations for microbial processes in Mollic andosols from farm and forest land-uses using microbial respiration kinetics, (4) the utility of microbial respiration kinetics for characterizing the quality of plant materials, and (5) the effect of combined GM and fertilizer inputs on crop yield and soil properties. The studies used two leguminous (Albizia gummifera G.F. Gmel and Milletia ferruginea (Hochst.) Baker) and two non-leguminous (Cordia africana Lam. and Croton macrostachyus Del.) species. Foliar contents of N, soluble polyphenols (PL) and condensed tannin (CT) were higher during the wet season while those of K and lignin were higher during the dry season. Green leaves had higher N and P contents while senesced ones had higher contents of K, cellulose, PL and CT. On average, 27% of N and 48% of P was resorbed during senescence. In a decomposition study that used leaves of Albizia and Cordia, Albizia had higher mass loss, N loss and release of CT than Cordia. However, N was immobilized for the first four weeks in both species. High rates of CT loss seemed to have facilitated decomposition in Albizia despite high initial contents of PL and CT in the leaves. Nitrogen was more limiting than P for the soil micro-biota suggesting the presence of adequate amounts of endogenous soil P. Addition of excess P resulted in respiration pattern with two peaks, suggesting different N pools being available over time. The substrate-induced respiration, specific microbial growth rate and microbially available P were higher for the farm; while the % total added C respired (49-69%) was higher for the forest land-use indicating increased C costs to utilize strongly bound nutrients. Under both laboratory and field conditions, 11%-44% and 10%-42% of initial leaf C was mineralised within a month, respectively, with the species ranking as: Cordia < Albizia < Milletia < Croton. Supplemental N and P had little effect on C mineralization. Green manure (GM) from the four species caused an increase in maize yield by 10-84%, with the increase being higher for GM from Croton and Cordia which apparently had higher P and K contents in their foliage than Albizia and Milletia. Measurable improvements in pH and soil organic C due to GM inputs were also observed at the end of the short–term (2 y) field trial.

Authors/Creators:Teklay, Tesfay
Title:Organic inputs from agroforestry trees on farms for improving soil quality and crop productivity in Ethiopia
Year of publishing :November 2005
Volume:2005:122
Number of Pages:47
Papers/manuscripts:
NumberReferences
ALLI. Teklay, T., 2004. Seasonal dynamics in the concentrations of macronutrients and organic constituents in green and senesced leaves of three agroforestry species in southern Ethiopia. Plant & Soil 267:297-307. II. Teklay, T., Malmer, A., 2004. Decomposition of leaves from two indigenous trees of contrasting qualities under shaded-coffee and agricultural land-uses during the dry season at Wondo Genet, Ethiopia. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 36: 777-786. III. Teklay, T., Nordgren, A., Malmer, A., 2005. Soil respiration characteristics of tropical soils from agricultural and forestry land-uses at Wondo-Genet (Ethiopia) in response to C, N and P amendments. Soil Biology & Biochemistry (in press) IV. Teklay, T., Nordgren, A., Nyberg, G., Malmer, A., 2005. Carbon mineralization of leaves from four Ethiopian agroforestry species under laboratory and field conditions. (Submitted Manuscript) V. Teklay, T., Nyberg, G., Malmer, A., 2005. Effect of organic inputs from agroforestry species and urea on crop yield and soil properties at Wondo Genet, Ethiopia. (Manuscript)
Place of Publication:Umeå
ISBN for printed version:91-576-6921-X
ISSN:1652-6880
Language:English
Publication Type:Doctoral thesis
Full Text Status:Public
Agris subject categories.:F Plant production > F08 Cropping patterns and systems
Subjects:Not in use, please see Agris categories
Agrovoc terms:agroforestry, tropical soils, leaves, plant nutrition, nutrients, mineralization, soil fertility, organic amendments, soil respiration, green manures, fertilizer application, ethiopia
Keywords:Foliar nutrients, Agroforestry species, Land-uses, Mineralization, Nutrient Limitation, Microbial activity, Soil respiration, Green manure, Sub-humid tropical
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-816
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-816
ID Code:988
Department:(S) > Institutionen för skogsekologi (930701-061231)
Deposited By: Tesfay Teklay
Deposited On:23 Nov 2005 00:00
Metadata Last Modified:02 Dec 2014 10:08

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