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Parks with people?

action research in bridging conservation and livelihoods in Limpopo National Park, Mozambique

Givá, Nícia (2016). Parks with people? Diss. (sammanfattning/summary) Uppsala : Sveriges lantbruksuniv., Acta Universitatis Agriculturae Sueciae, 1652-6880 ; 2016:118
ISBN 978-91-576-8739-5
eISBN 978-91-576-8740-1
[Doctoral thesis]

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Reconciling conservation and people’s livelihoods has faced multiple dilemmas, particularly prominent in human-inhabited protected areas with high levels of poverty and vulnerability to climate adversities. This thesis examines the relationship between wildlife conservation and people’s livelihoods in a human-inhabited protected area and analyses the challenges and opportunities for reconciling the two. Drawing from the empirical case of Limpopo National Park (LNP), conceptualised from the outset with the ‘Parks with People’ paradigm, I argue in this thesis that reconciling conservation and livelihoods objectives requires co-management alternatives that are flexible, context-sensitive, and adaptive. Therefore systemic action research was adopted as the methodological approach for collaborative exploration of co-management opportunities that could resonate with the local complexity and dynamics. Findings show that agricultural livelihoods and food security of the LNP residents are strongly contingent on the climatic conditions. People’s ability to cope with and overcome drought-related food insecurity has been negatively affected by wildlife incursion, since strategies to simultaneously cope with both are inconsistent. The park lacked an adequate management strategy for tackling both wildlife conservation and people’s livelihoods. This study also demonstrates the potential of the systemic action research approach in engaging the multiple actors in a social learning process, which improved actors’ knowledge and understanding of their conflictual perspectives and needs. Local communities enhanced their agency towards improving their responsibility and accountability in the management of LNP, particularly regarding the 20% benefit sharing. Likewise, park staff became aware of the improvement necessary in their praxis and gained sensitivity for collaborative approaches. However, the LNP governance structure is dominated by the neoliberal and donor-driven conservation agenda which disregards the local context of poverty and vulnerability to climate adversities. This hindered the possibilities to further develop the emergent collaborative signs into long-term co-management practice. I conclude by emphasising the need for communicative spaces across all levels of governance to address simultaneously the complexity of the conservation-livelihood nexus and challenge the normalised and hegemonic neoliberal prescriptions.

Authors/Creators:Givá, Nícia
Title:Parks with people?
Subtitle:action research in bridging conservation and livelihoods in Limpopo National Park, Mozambique
Series Name/Journal:Acta Universitatis Agriculturae Sueciae
Year of publishing :21 October 2016
Depositing date:21 October 2016
Number of Pages:168
IGivá, N., Cavane, E., Sriskandarajah, N., (Submitted). Human-Wildlife Coexistence in Limpopo National Park: Coping Strategies in a Climate Change Context, World Development Journal.
IIGivá, N. and Raitio, K. (in press). ‘Parks with People’ in Mozambique: Community Dynamic Responses to Human Elephant Conflict at Limpopo National Park, Journal of Southern African Studies.
IIISriskandarajah, N. Givá, N., Hansen, H.P. (2016). Bridging Divides through Spaces of Change: Action Research for Cultivating the Commons in Human-Inhabited Protected Areas in Nicaragua and Mozambique. In: Hansen, H.P., Nielsen, B., Sriskandarajah, N. and Gunnarsson, E. (Eds.). Commons, Sustainability, Democratization: Action Research and the Basic Renewal of Society Routledge Advances, In: Research Methods, 139-166.
IVGivá, N. and Sriskandarajah, N. (manuscript). Creating a Communicative Space: Systemic Action Research towards Adaptive Co-Management in Limpopo National Park.
Place of Publication:Uppsala
Publisher:Department of Urban and Rural Development, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
ISBN for printed version:978-91-576-8739-5
ISBN for electronic version:978-91-576-8740-1
Publication Type:Doctoral thesis
Full Text Status:Public
Agris subject categories.:E Economics, development, and rural sociology > E50 Rural sociology and social security
P Natural resources > P01 Nature conservation and land resources
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 4 Agricultural Sciences > 405 Other Agricultural Sciences > Environmental Sciences related to Agriculture and Land-use
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 5 Social Sciences > 509 Other Social Sciences > Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified
Agrovoc terms:national parks, wildlife, nature conservation, rural population, livelihoods, rural settlement, food security, participatory communication, wildlife management, elephants, mozambique
Keywords:Conservation, Livelihoods, Inhabited protected areas, Action Research, Limpopo National Park, Mozambique, Elephant crop raiding
Permanent URL:
ID Code:13740
Faculty:NJ - Fakulteten för naturresurser och jordbruksvetenskap
Department:(NL, NJ) > Dept. of Urban and Rural Development
(LTJ, LTV) > Dept. of Urban and Rural Development
External funders:Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency
Deposited By: Doktorand Nícia Givá
Deposited On:24 Oct 2016 05:01
Metadata Last Modified:10 Sep 2020 13:41

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