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A multi-century perspective of the Sala mega-fire : understanding risks for future large fires in Sweden

Stecher Justiniano Pinto, Guilherme (2020). A multi-century perspective of the Sala mega-fire : understanding risks for future large fires in Sweden. Diss. (sammanfattning/summary) Sveriges lantbruksuniv., Acta Universitatis Agriculturae Sueciae, 1652-6880
ISBN 978-91-7760-628-4
eISBN 978-91-7760-629-1
[Doctoral thesis]

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Abstract

In the summer of 2014, the Sala municipality in central Sweden registered the largest fire in modern Swedish history. The circumstances under which the fire took place highlight the complex interactions between the ignition as well as the spread of fire, and human activities along with weather. Although the role of human activities and climate are of critical importance in shaping modern fire activity, their joint effects remain largely unstudied in Northern Europe. The main aim of this thesis was to investigate the impact of landscape properties (natural and human-related) and climate patterns on forest fires at different spatial and temporal scales. Dendrochronological study (Paper II) suggested that in the past the lack of major firebreaks, homogenization of forests due to its long-term management, and a long period without fires might have contributed to the occurrence of the exceptionally large 2014 mega-fire in Sala. A study of modern fire activity (Paper I) showed that a combination of human-related ignitions, weather conditions controlling fire spread, and vegetation composition are the main drivers of fire activity in Sweden. At the scale of the European boreal zone (Paper IV), forest fire activity remains strongly connected to the annual climate variability. Predictions of the future area burned in Sweden (Paper III) indicated that changes in climate would lead to an increase in area burned, with changes in vegetation leading either to further increase or mitigation of this increase to a certain degree.

Authors/Creators:Stecher Justiniano Pinto, Guilherme
Title:A multi-century perspective of the Sala mega-fire : understanding risks for future large fires in Sweden
Year of publishing :2020
Number:2020:55
Number of Pages:40
ISBN for printed version:978-91-7760-628-4
ISBN for electronic version:978-91-7760-629-1
ISSN:1652-6880
Language:English
Publication Type:Doctoral thesis
Article category:Other scientific
Version:Published version
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 1 Natural sciences > 106 Biological Sciences (Medical to be 3 and Agricultural to be 4) > Ecology
(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 1 Natural sciences > 105 Earth and Related Environmental Sciences > Climate Research
Keywords:boreal forests, landscape properties, fire prediction, fire suppression, INLA, natural hazard, climate risks, fire history, fire regime
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-108102
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-108102
ID Code:17828
Faculty:S - Faculty of Forest Sciences
Department:(S) > Southern Swedish Forest Research Centre
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:14 Oct 2020 18:40
Metadata Last Modified:15 Oct 2020 05:01

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