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Relationships between biodiversity and the stability of marine ecosystems: Comparisons at a European scale using meta-analysis

Cusson, Mathieu and Crowe, Tasman P and Araújo, Rita and Arenas, Francisco and Aspden, Rebbecca and Bulleri, Fabio and Davoult, Dominique and Dyson, Kirstie and Fraschetti, Simonetta and Herkül, Kristjan and Hubas, Cedric and Jenkins, Stuart R and Kotta, Jonne and Kraufvelin, Patrik and Migné, Aline and Molis, Markus and Mulholland, Olwyen and Noël, Laure M-L and Paterson, David M and Saunders, James and Somerfield, Paul J and Sousa-Pinto, Isabel and Spilmont, Nicolas and Terlizzi, Antonio and Benedetti-Cecchi, Lisandro (2015). Relationships between biodiversity and the stability of marine ecosystems: Comparisons at a European scale using meta-analysis. Journal of Sea Research. 98 , 5-14
[Research article]

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Abstract

The relationship between biodiversity and stability of marine benthic assemblages was investigated through meta-analyses using existing data sets (n = 28) covering various spatial (m-km) and temporal (1973-2006; ranging from 5 to >250 months) scales in different benthic habitats (emergent rock, rock pools and sedimentary habitats) over different European marine systems (North Atlantic and western Mediterranean). Stability was measured by a lower variability in time, and variability was estimated as temporal variance of species richness, total abundance (density or % cover) and community structure (using Bray-Curtis dissimilarities on species composition and abundance). Stability generally decreased with species richness. Temporal variability in species richness increased with the number of species at both quadrat (<1 m(2)) and site (similar to 100 m(2)) scales, while no relationship was observed by multivariate analyses. Positive relationships were also observed at the scale of site between temporal variability in species richness and variability in community structure with evenness estimates. This implies that the relationship between species richness or evenness and species richness variability is slightly positive and depends on the scale of observation. Thus, species richness does not stabilize temporal fluctuations in species number, rather species rich assemblages are those most likely to undergo the largest fluctuations in species numbers and abundance from time to time. Changes within community assemblages in terms of structure are, however, generally independent of biodiversity. Except for sedimentary and rock pool habitats, no relationship was observed between temporal variation of total abundances and diversity at either scale. Overall, our results emphasize that the relation between species richness and species-level measures of temporal variability depends on scale of measurements, type of habitats and the marine system (North Atlantic and Mediterranean) considered. (C) 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reseived.

Authors/Creators:Cusson, Mathieu and Crowe, Tasman P and Araújo, Rita and Arenas, Francisco and Aspden, Rebbecca and Bulleri, Fabio and Davoult, Dominique and Dyson, Kirstie and Fraschetti, Simonetta and Herkül, Kristjan and Hubas, Cedric and Jenkins, Stuart R and Kotta, Jonne and Kraufvelin, Patrik and Migné, Aline and Molis, Markus and Mulholland, Olwyen and Noël, Laure M-L and Paterson, David M and Saunders, James and Somerfield, Paul J and Sousa-Pinto, Isabel and Spilmont, Nicolas and Terlizzi, Antonio and Benedetti-Cecchi, Lisandro
Title:Relationships between biodiversity and the stability of marine ecosystems: Comparisons at a European scale using meta-analysis
Series Name/Journal:Journal of Sea Research
Year of publishing :2015
Volume:98
Page range:5-14
Number of Pages:10
Publisher:ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
ISSN:1385-1101
Language:English
Publication Type:Research article
Article category:Scientific peer reviewed
Version:Published version
Full Text Status:Public
Subjects:(A) Swedish standard research categories 2011 > 1 Natural sciences > 106 Biological Sciences (Medical to be 3 and Agricultural to be 4) > Ecology
Keywords:Biodiversity Ecosystem Functioning, Temporal Variability, Diversity-Stability Relationships, Community Variability, Benthic Marine-Coastal Habitats
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-83858
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-p-83858
Additional ID:
Type of IDID
DOI10.1016/j.seares.2014.08.004
Web of Science (WoS)000357146900002
ID Code:24594
Deposited By: SLUpub Connector
Deposited On:21 Jun 2021 14:50
Metadata Last Modified:21 Jun 2021 14:51

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