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Landskapsplanering genom jordbrukspolitik

en kritisk granskning av EU:s agrara miljöstödspolitik ur ett planeringsperspektiv

Larsson, Anders (2004). Landskapsplanering genom jordbrukspolitik. Diss. (sammanfattning/summary) Alnarp : Sveriges lantbruksuniv., Acta Universitatis agriculturae Sueciae. Agraria, 1401-6249 ; 442
ISBN 91-576-6494-3
[Doctoral thesis]

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Abstract

The aim of this thesis is to examine EU agro-environmental policy (AEP) from the perspective of how intentions transform into practical action, with special emphasis on various instruments of control. The AEP is especially discussed in relation to the basic issues of efficiency and democracy. This corresponds to the definition of a ‘planning perspective’ used here, which mainly focuses on ‘effect planning’, including both organisational and action related questions. The hypothesis is that problems related to goal fulfilment are more an effect of insufficient knowledge of action, rather than an effect of insufficient knowledge of (environmental) facts. When planning in agricultural landscapes, one must consider the interests of individual land owners and farmers. This planning thereby becomes ‘dialogue oriented’. Advantages and disadvantages of the current agro-political system are discussed with reference to two general models of the ‘agro-political dialogue’ and the results from a case study in Sweden. Various planning theories are discussed from the point of view of how they contribute to an even better understanding of the situation. One conclusion is that within the AEP of today, there is neither a concise planning oriented discussion on the character of current agro-environmental problems, nor on the most relevant and effective means by which to handle these. Existing economical instruments of control and general forms of environmental measures need to be supplemented with more effective legislation directed towards environmental problems that cannot be solved on a voluntary basis and on a local implementation level. Furthermore, there is a great need of alternative organisational solutions for sharing the responsibility for environmental problems that can only be handled effectively on the local and regional implementation levels. Another conclusion is that the autonomy of the Swedish farmers has gradually decreased since the great land allocation reforms. This gives cause for concern from the point of view of democracy. The dialogue perspective reveals that farmers must become more influential within the agro-environmental policy process, but also that we have to consider the fact that many farmers do not want to participate in the agro-environmental programmes. Concepts like paternalism and professionalism are helpful in trying to grasp the situation and answering the question of why this process has been left to develop so far without being noticed or challenged. The lead theme of this thesis can thus be seen as a contribution to resolving the central issue which remains; how to combine the demands for more agro-environmental efficiency without further infringement on farmers’ autonomy?

Authors/Creators:Larsson, Anders
Title:Landskapsplanering genom jordbrukspolitik
Subtitle:en kritisk granskning av EU:s agrara miljöstödspolitik ur ett planeringsperspektiv
Year of publishing :March 2004
Volume:442
Number of Pages:213
Place of Publication:Alnarp
ISBN for printed version:91-576-6494-3
ISSN:1401-6249
Language:Swedish
Publication Type:Doctoral thesis
Full Text Status:Public
Agris subject categories.:P Natural resources > P01 Nature conservation and land resources
E Economics, development, and rural sociology > E10 Agricultural economics and policies
Subjects:Not in use, please see Agris categories
Agrovoc terms:cap, agricultural policies, environmental protection, planning, farmland, landscape, sweden, european union
Keywords:Common Agricultural Policy (CAP), agro-environmental policy, planning, landscape planning, planning theory, action theory
URN:NBN:urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-157
Permanent URL:
http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:slu:epsilon-157
ID Code:497
Department:?? 4050 ??
Deposited By: Anders Larsson
Deposited On:24 Mar 2004 00:00
Metadata Last Modified:02 Dec 2014 10:05

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